Tribes and States

you both recite your ancestors they would actually

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Unformatted text preview: just nonbinding arbitration between kin groups- and if arbitration not enough- revenge or reparation are obligations- justice is very different in tribes, no states, and no need for any states- relationships based on family and lineage- rank only within the family- the chief doesn’t have much power- if they meet someone who isn’t in your kin group, but in same territory, how do you know if they are friend or foe?- you both recite your ancestors- they would actually inter- mate by meeting and giving each other women- but these were tense affairs- • • • decay of political systems- one criticisms of determinists is that they tend o take the view that whatever happenedis the embodiment of human progress and as people evolve, we are getting “better and better”- bc all previous forms of political org tend to disappear- in many places, this isn’t so- in other places, earlier forms are still going- tribalism in particular- in places where higher forms of organization (the states) are decaying or are nonviable- what emerges as people fall back on is the early associations with family, clan, tribe and these turn out to be survival mechanisms- and this turns into corruption aka “patrimonialism” rise, reach summit, peak and decay uncer internal decomposition- in self defense and in selfinterest the rewards members of their family or tribe- corruption, mafia society Characteristics of Tribes - Segmentary organization • the level of org is basic, so every clan or element is able to do all of the jobs of society...
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This document was uploaded on 03/06/2014 for the course GOVT 121 at Georgetown.

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