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Module_5_WWII_FAA_Act (1)

The dc 7 dc 7 the engines were extremely reliable

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Unformatted text preview: aul the Replacement parts and maintenance costs were lower lower Passenger mile costs were about the same as the DC-7 the 48 The Federal Aviation Act Responsibility for aviation safety had been Responsibility placed on the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) by the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 by One area in which they were needed was One the control of more aircraft flying in the nation’s airspace nation’s 49 The Federal Aviation Act In the ensuing years after 1938 In improvements in navigation aids and instruments helped to keep the airways safe instruments The advent of the VOR system in 1947 and The with it the Victor airways were two ways that flying was made safer flying 50 The Federal Aviation Act The CAA was empowered to adopt rules The and regulations to keep flying safe and These rules and regulations established These standards for aircraft, engines, propellers, pilots, and mechanics, as well as flight schools and the training of airmen schools 51 The Federal Aviation Act The CAA was also charged with developing The and administering the Air Traffic Control system. system. The concept of IFR airspace was designed The to ensure that an aircraft had airspace reserved specifically for it, so that no other airplane flying under IFR would occupy that same airspace same 52 The Federal Aviation Act Airline passenger operations flew, for the Airline most part, under these Instrument Flight Rules Rules The promulgated regulations became The known as the Civil Aeronautic Regulations (CARs) (CARs) 53 The Federal Aviation Act 1. 2. 3. Despite the good that was done, there were Despite problems problems The CAA was buried in the Dept. of Commerce Funding was slashed after WWII Funding New technology such as radar, and advanced New radio communications were slow in being adopted by the air traffic control system adopted 54 The Federal Aviation Act In 1955 there were 32 surveillance radars in In service to cover arrivals and departures at those locations those There was no enroute radar coverage Concerns were raised about the increased Concerns likelihood of mid-air collisions in those vast areas where there was no radar coverage areas 55 The Federal Aviation Act Then in 1956 to airliners collided over the Then Grand Canyon killing 128 people Grand The collision focused the attention of the The public on the “crowded skies” public In 1957 an airliner and an Air Force jet In collided, and then again in 1958 collided, Something had to be done 56 The Feder...
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