Biology 1 Exam 1 Study Guide

Know the difference between inductive reasoning and

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Unformatted text preview: s means in the context of the hypotheses proposed by Darwin, descent with modification and natural selection. How does hereditary variation and competition among individuals and the environment affect differences in reproductive success of individuals, which ultimately adapts the population of a species? How do biologists classify organisms, and what is taxonomy? Know basic similarities and differences in the three Domains of life and the predominant kingdoms in Domain Eukarya. Know the difference between inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning; observational and experimental inquiry; qualitative and qualitative data; control and experimental treatments; and a hypothesis versus a theory. What makes a good hypothesis? What topics are outside the boundaries of sound science? Know the example of the kingsnake mimicry study in Ch 1. Be able to define control and experimental treatments and the interpretation of data. What is matter, an element, a compound, and a molecule? What are the elements on Earth versus the elements of life (major, minor, and trace). Know atomic structure, differences in atomic number, mass number, and atomic mass. What is an isotope (stable and radioactive)? Know the energy levels (electron shells) of atoms, and what happens to electrons upon absorption or release of electron energy. Be able to determine the number of electrons (e- ) of an element and the numbers of electrons in each electron shell based on the atomic number (number of protons) or mass number. Recall the inner shell has a maximum of two e- , and each additional shell each...
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This document was uploaded on 03/01/2014 for the course BIOL 1406 at Lamar University.

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