Th e rs a s a b a s is o f mo ra l ju d g me n ts q

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Unformatted text preview: ig h e s t s ta g e in Ko h lb e rg 's th e o ry o f mo ra l d e ve lo p me n t; in d ivid u a ls d e ve lo p a mo ra l s ta n d a rd b a s e d o n u n ive rs a l h u ma n rig h ts R) th e b e lie f th a t o n e ca n ma s te r a s itu a tio n a n d p ro d u ce fa vo ra b le o u tco me s S ) a mo ra l p e rs p e ctive th a t fo cu s e s o n th e rig h ts o f th e in d ivid u a l; in d ivid u a ls in d e p e n d e n tly ma ke mo ra l d e cis io n s T) th e fo u rth s ta g e in Ko h lb e rg 's th e o ry o f mo ra l d e ve lo p me n t; mo ra l ju d g me n ts a re b a s e d o n u n d e rs ta n d in g th e s o cia l o rd e r, la w , ju s tice , a n d d u ty U) th e fifth Ko h lb e rg s ta g e ; a t th is s ta g e , in d ivid u a ls re a s o n th a t va lu e s , rig h ts , a n d p rin cip le s u n d e rg ird o r tra n s ce n d th e la w V) th e lo w e s t le ve l in Ko h lb e rg 's th e o ry o f mo ra l d e ve lo p me n t; th e in d ivid u a l's mo ra l re a s o n in g is co n tro lle d p rima rily b y e xte rn a l re w a rd s a n d p u n is h me n t W ) th e mo ra l p e rs p e ctive o f C a ro l Gillig a n , w h ich vie w s p e o p le in te rms o f th e ir co n n e cte d n e s s w ith o th e rs a n d e mp h a s iz e s in te rp e rs o n a l co mmu n ica tio n , re la tio n s h ip s w ith o th e rs , a n d co n ce rn fo r o th e rs X) ch ild re n w h o a re in fre q u e n tly n o min a te d a s a b e s t frie n d b u t a re n o t d is like d b y th e ir p e e rs Y ) a le a rn e r-ce n te re d a p p ro a ch th a t e mp h a s iz e s th e imp o rta n ce o f in d ivid u a ls ' a ctive ly co n s tru ctin g th e ir kn o w le d g e a n d u n d e rs ta n d in g w ith g u id a n ce fro m th e te a ch e r Z) s e lf-d is clo s u re a n d th e s h a rin g o f p riva te th o u g h ts AA) th e s e co n d , o r in te rme d ia te , le ve l in Ko h lb e rg 's th e o ry o f mo ra l d e ve lo p me n t; a t th is le ve l, in d ivid u a ls a b id e b y ce rta in s ta n d a rd s , b u t th e y a re th e s ta n d a rd s o f o th e rs s u ch a s p a re n ts o r th e la w s o f s o cie ty Y our Answer: Ko h lb e rg 's firs t s ta g e in p re co n ve n tio n a l re a s o n in g , in w h ich mo ra l th in kin g is tie d to p u n is h me n t The Correct Answer: b ro a d ca te g o rie s th a t re fle ct o u r imp re s s io n s a n d b e lie fs a b o u t fe ma le s a n d ma le s 18 INCO RRECT Ma tch th e fo llo w in g te rms w ith th e ir d e fin itio n s .::a n d ro g yn y A) Ko h lb e rg...
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