Study Guide for Final - British Dominion Hybridization of...

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British Dominion: Hybridizationof Indian Society (Introduction of some aspects of English law into the government of India) -Warren Hastings: oDespotism vs. Liberalism oThesis: that we should rule India through Traditionalism (using Indian ideals and laws to govern the people) William Jones agrees with this theory (he talks to the native “Indians” and asks them all about their laws etc.) Sanskritization oCritics: Modernists or LiberalistsCornwallis thought: no traditional Indian ideas, laws Europeans need to export their ideas of liberalism and the Enlightenment etc. Enlightened Despots Bengal Permanent Settlement: how the country should be governed (cheapest way possible) -Collapse of the Mughal Empire: oDe jure: they were still in power oDe facto: the leaders had no actual control, power over the people Fractioned politically and socially oRising of banking families-British East India Company: oDidn’t really know what type of company it was…English colonial company or a Mughal successor state? David Ochterlony: Embassador of the Mughal Empire De jure recognition of the Mughal Emperor until mid 19thcentury oBengal Diwani: right to tax the Bengali citizens Put a front man on the throne in Bengal and tried to take complete controlFrom the Battle of Buxar -French East India Company: oDecided to follow the strategy of using local alliances (Traditionalism) They used more of an informal empire than the British did… -The Age of Reform: 1820s-30soGovernor General William Bentinck oThomas Babington Macaulay Goal: to educate the Indian people in English-style schools and make them “little brown Englishmen” Sati: “barbaric” Indian tradition (they need to be educated so they stop having traditions like this…) -The Army: oOne of the largest armies in the world at the time but only 1/5 of the members were white Sepoys: Indians trained to fight in the British manner and who fought on behalf of the English army
The Imperialism of Free Trade: Imperialismis the cause and the effect of free trade -Robinson and Gallagher: oThesis: informal empires where possible, formal empires where necessary Formal empires are actually a sign of weakness of the imperial nation, rather than strength. Clear boundaries and complete control more or less…More expensive than informal empires (need infrastructure etc.) Often times in informal empires, the people don’t do exactly what the imperial country wants them to do…Informal Empire: Less about the boundaries and more about the influence De jure: they do not have direct control over the empire; de facto: they do have immense influence and control Less expensive than formal empires -Systems of Collaboration: oBritish India: divide and rule Princely states: controlled by allies of the British Local elites: protectors of Indian traditions and customsSepoys: training etc., they protect that values of Indians

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