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Xuli is located on a large island over an active

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Unformatted text preview: SID: SECTION 3: MALTHUSIAN THEORY [16 POINTS] Short Answer and Multiple Choice. [1 point each] 1. From the standard Malthusian theory, if the curve relating population size to wage shifts outward from the origin, the resulting wage will be higher for: a. Dense populations b. Small populations c. Stable populations d. Two of the above e. All of the above 2. According to the standard Malthusian model, when wages are low, a relatively small change in the wage rate will have: a. A relatively small effect on mortality b. A relatively large effect on mortality 3. According to Boserup, the choice of a food production system is about choosing which of the following? a. Appropriate pace of technological progress b. Ideal population size c. Annual cropping technique d. Appropriate factor mix 4. In two sentences or less for each, explain the Technology Pull Theory and the Population Push Theory. Specifically identify what is exogenous and endogenous to each theory, and who it was supported by—Malthus or Boserup. [3 points] Technology pull theory (associated with Malthus) says strong forces bring population size and living standards into equilibrium. Population growth is explained by increases in the demand for labor. Population push theory (Boserup) says population growth is exogenous. Larger, denser populations cause more rapid technological progress. Thought Question Consider the country Xuli, and assume it is a typical country in a stable equilibrium as envisioned by Malthusian theory. 5. Draw a graph demonstrating the relationship between wages (W), the crude death rate, and the crude birth rate. Below this graph, show the relationship of population size to wages. Label the equilibrium population size (P*), wage (W*) and your axes. [2 points] Standard graph from class. 7 Name (Last, First): SID: 6. Xuli is located on a large island over an active fault line. Typically, Xuli experiences only small earthquakes from time to time. Unexpectedly, an 8.0 magnitude earthquake strikes Xuli, resulting in the death of 30% of its citizens. On the graph you drew in part 1, indicate the new population size (P1) and wage (W1). Explain in two sentences or less the (a) short ­term and (b) long ­term impact the ea...
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