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Notes on Mechanisms of Memory

Notes on Mechanisms of Memory - Notes on Memory Psych 1...

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Notes on Memory – Psych 1 09/04/2008 02:46:00 Types of Memory Include: Verbal (studied the most) – women are better at it Visuospatial – men are better at it Motor Tactile – to remember what it feels like to touch something –sandpaper,  velour, etc Autonomic ? Early Memory Research Herman Ebbinghaus – there is a “forgetting curve” – the number of nonsense  syllables remembered quickly drops away until verges on a plateau – this is  the problem with cramming Forgetting curve doesn’t apply to concepts that you learn with connections –  that’s how you build up lasting knowledge Information-Processing Approach to Memory The leading technology of computers reflect our conception of the mind – relic  of the computer age o Acquisition Encoding an experience into a storable memory o Storage Deposit of coded experience into a holding area o Retrieval Finding the code and reconstructing the experience Atkinson-Schriffin Memory Model Iconic Memory => Working Memory => LTM Iconic Memory – the flash behind your eyes after you see a flash – sensory  registers
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Iconic Memory o Partly a consequence of rate of recovery of sensory receptors  from stimulation (“afterimage”) o Lasts only a few seconds o Burning yourself creates a lasting afterimage… Working Memory (Used to be called Short-Term Memory (STM)) o Holds only a few items (5-7 typically) o Last only a very short period (~30”) o Requires sustained attention o Very vulnerable to distraction o Circulating o Verbal STM often tested using  memory span o Aided by 
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  • Winter '08
  • Memory processes, Serial Position Effects, LTM Iconic Memory, Chives Paprika Parsley, Chives Parsley Sweater

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Notes on Mechanisms of Memory - Notes on Memory Psych 1...

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