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Unformatted text preview: society’s norms and values. However, Matza said
that within mainstream societies values there are ‘subterranean values’ which promote the ideas
of acting in the spur of the moment for excitement and thrills. Although the subterranean values
are within mainstream societies set of values, they could encourage behaviour which breaks the
law and are then seen by mainstream society as criminal or deviant.
Through this theory of ‘delinquency drift’ Matza explains how he thinks young people within a
subculture can break the values of society without really recognising that they are doing so, and
then later in life drift back into mainstream society as these subterranean values become less
important to the individual.
Low culture is a derogatory term for some forms of popular culture that have mass appeal. Its
contrast is high culture. It has been said by culture theorists that both high culture and low
culture are subcultures. Today, this would mean things like 'takeaway' meals, gossip
magazines, books that are current bestsellers, and sports such as football and basketball
Aesthetic standards of low culture stress substance, form and being totally subservient; there is
no explicit concern with abstract ideas or even with fictional forms of contemporary social
problems and issues. ... Low culture emphasizes morality but limits itself to familial and
individual problems and [the] values, which apply to such problems. Low culture is content to depict traditional working class values winning out over the temptation to give into conflicting
impulses and behavior patterns.
—Herbert Gans, 
Other critics note that "High culture" too is not exempt from a role i...
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