English Exam 1
Due Friday, October 13, 2006
was written by the Roman poet Ovid in the early first century
The selected quote is among the first lines of Ovid’s work, with Ovid himself
It can be found in the section entitled “The Creation,” and rightly so, for
this passage speaks of the formation of the universe as the Romans knew it.
beginning, Chaos was the ruler
(Was he the ruler or the state/condition?)
Chaos was characterized by general confusion and a lack of order, but
Chaos was also the source of everything in the universe.
Although not necessarily
mentioned in this passage, Ovid repeats negative adjectives
(Explain more precisely)
to characterize this disorder associated with Chaos.
Only when the Gods
Nature, come into play and create order can the universe truly develop.
all arguments: significance?)
In this sense, the passage is a celebration of rationality,
for it emphasizes the triumph of order over discord.
One of many changes throughout
, this section deals with the transformation from Chaos to order.
This selection comes from Hesiod’s
(Words and Days)
, which dates back to
ancient Greece around 700 B.C.E.
This passage described Pandora opening her
famous jar and letting all its contained evils into the world.
(Explain that all
the gods gave gifts to humans, and she was meant to be a curse.
List some of the
was originally meant to be as punishment to humans for Prometheus’ theft of
fire from Mt. Olympus.
Each god gave her a special gift
(List some of them)
in some way characteristic of the stereotypes for women in ancient Greece.
her jar, they also put many evils such as old age, passion, greed, and sorrow.
opening this jar, Pandora releases these evils onto the world and only manages to trap
one thing inside: hope
Fortunately, she returns later and releases this
one as well.
Pandora was meant to be a punishment for men, and by making her a
stereotypical woman, all other women are labeled as such.
(What does this myth
This selection comes from the
, a Hindu text that dates back to the first
(Also earlier, but okay).
The plot revolves around a massive battlefield
(more plot context)
which is being surveyed by Arjuna and Krishna