Mesopotamia Notes - Mesopotamia Fertile area between the Tigris and Euphrates River Mesopotamia Area for the first sophtisticated civilizations between

Mesopotamia Notes - Mesopotamia Fertile area between the...

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Mesopotamia Fertile area between the Tigris and Euphrates River. Mesopotamia Area for the first sophtisticated civilizations, between Tigris & Euphrates (today Iraq). two rivers with rich soil surrounding Mesopotamia. cuneiform a system of writing with a wedge-shaped symbols Cuneiform Earliest kind of writing system. Akkadian and Sumerian language and writing. Akkadian more successful and more adopted by other cultures. "wedge-shaped". cuneiform sumerian wedge shaped writing Sumer/Sumerians Earliest Mesopotamian society City-states appear 4000 B.C.E. -Ur, Nineveh due to irrigation projects a kings had divine mandate (absolute power from God) built ziggurats- pyramids considered "home of gods" regulated trade provided defense from nomadic invaders Sumer & Sumerians Southern-most part of Mesopotamia. Major City: Babylon Akkad & Akkadians migrated to Mesopotamia and the first ruler Sargon I took over Sumer and established an empire from Persian gulf to med. sea. Language connected to Semantic. Major cities Ur & Uruk. Ziggurat
o IN Mesopotamia, a tall stepped pyramidal structure of earthen materials, often supporting a shrine. Ziggurat Temple of pyramids and tombs. Temple of the moon God Nanna (Sin) in Ur. ziggurat pyramid temple dedicated to the cheif god or goddess of an ancient Sumerian city-state Ishtar Book: Epic of Gilgamesh Goddess of Love and Fertility, as well as war can be nurturing mother figure as well as spiteful and cruel Patroness of Uruk Sends the Bull of Heaven down to Gilgamesh and Enkidu after she is refused by Gilgamesh and they kill Humbaba Ishtar Love and War Goddess. Goddes of Uruk (Innana in Sumerian). Reputation for abandoning her lovers to the anguish of a broken heart. ishtar · Mesopotamian goddess of love and war · Lugal-zagesi was the last Sumerian king before the conquest of Sumer bySargon of Akkad and the rise of the Akkadian Empire, and was considered as the only king of the third dynasty of Uruk. He was arguably the first king to unite Sumer as a single kingdom. Lugal-zagesi First example of hegemonic lordship. Of Umma & Uruk,c 2300 BC. Conquered Lagash and gets to big. Conquered by Sharru-kin. Sargon of Akkad (2334 - 2279 B.C.E.) The first ruler to unify Mesopotamia. Changed the language of administration to Akkadian. Sargon of Akkad Conquered Sumer & first Akkad ruler. Akkadian: Sharru- kin, meaning legitimate king. Servent of the Gods, therfore true king, & authorized his kingship with connection with Gods. King of Kish (city to receive godly kinship after flood) med - pers go Gutians The invading hordes of people who brought about the fall of the Sargonic/Akkad period. Their invasion was blamed on Naram Sin’s disrespect towards the gods. They were overthrown by Utu-Hegal, Uruk king, who was dethroned by his general, Ur-Nammu, who started the Ur III period.

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