Sleep and eating disorders

Body mass index bmi a standard measure of overweight

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Unformatted text preview: easure of overweight and obesity that takes both body weight and height into account. Thinner and thinner. Thinner Note the downward trend in the body mass index levels (BMIs) of Miss America contest winners over time. What might these data suggest about changes in society’s view of the ideal female form? Risk and Causal Factors Risk in Eating Disorders in 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Women rate their body shape as heavier than their Women ideal and heavier than what they think is attractive ideal 35 Risk and Causal Factors Risk in Eating Disorders in 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Current Peer ideal Own ideal Attractive Adapted from A.E. Fallon & P. Rozin, “Sex Differences in Perception of Desirable Body Shape.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 94 (1985): 102-105 36 Risk and Causal Factors Risk in Eating Disorders in 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Men rate their body shape as close to both their ideal and what they think is attractive 37 Risk and Causal Factors Risk in Eating Disorders in 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Own ideal Attractive Peer ideal Current 38 Family Factors Family Eating disorders frequently develop against a backdrop of family problems and conflicts. Some theorists focus on the brutal effect of self-starvation on parents. They suggest that some adolescents refuse to eat to punish their parents for feelings of loneliness and alienation they experience in the home. Family Factors Family Families of young women with eating disorders tend to be more often conflicted, less cohesive and nurturing, yet more overprotective and critical than those of reference groups (Fairburn et al., 1997). The parents seem less capable of promoting independence in their daughters. Conflicts with parents over issues of autonomy are often implicated in the development of both anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Biological Factors Biological Low levels of the chemical, or lack of sensitivity of serotonin receptors in the brain, may prompt binge-eating episodes, especially carbohydrate bingeing (Levitan et al., 1997). This line of thinking is buttressed...
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