Sleep and eating disorders

Sleep disorders sleep dyssomnias dyssomnias

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: rs Sleep Dyssomnias Dyssomnias Dyssomnias - Sleep disorders involving disturbances in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep. There are five specific types of dyssomnias: Primary insomnia Primary Hypersomnia Narcolepsy Breathing-related sleep disorder Circadian rhythm sleep disorder. Insomnia Insomnia Insomnia - Difficulties falling asleep, remaining asleep, or achieving restorative sleep. Primary insomnia - A sleep disorder characterized by chronic or persistent insomnia not caused by another psychological or physical disorder or by the effects of drugs or medications. Chronic insomnia lasting a month or longer is often a sign of an underlying physical problem or a psychological disorder, such as depression, substance abuse, or physical illness. Types of Sleep Disorders Types Hypersomnia Hypersomnia The word hypersomnia is derived from the Greek hyper, meaning “over” or “more than normal,” and the Latin somnus, meaning “sleep.” Hypersomnia ­ A pattern of excessive sleepiness during the day. The excessive sleepiness (sometimes referred to as “sleep drunkenness”) may take the form of difficulty awakening following a prolonged sleep period (typically 8 to 12 hours). Narcolepsy Narcolepsy The word narcolepsy derives from the Greek narke, meaning “stupor” and lepsis, meaning “an attack.” Narcolepsy ­ A sleep disorder characterized by sudden, irresistible episodes of sleep. They remain asleep for about 15 minutes. The person can be in the midst of a conversation at one moment and slump to the floor fast asleep a moment later.­zVCYdrw­1o Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder Breathing-Related Breathing-related sleep disorder - A sleep disorder in which sleep is repeatedly disrupted by difficulty with breathing normally. The subtypes of the disorder are distinguished in terms of the underlying causes of the breathing problem. The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea, which involves repeated episodes of either complete or partial obstruction of breathing during sleep. Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Circadian Circadian rhythm sl...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online