Sleep and eating disorders

Following eating disorders disorders clinical

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Unformatted text preview: isorders: Clinical depression Obsessive-compulsive disorder Substance abuse disorders Various personality disorders 27 Prevalence of Eating Prevalence Disorders Disorders The lifetime prevalence of anorexia nervosa is The around 0.5% around The lifetime prevalence of bulimia is around 1–3% 28 Eating Disorders Across Eating Cultures Cultures Eating disorders are becoming a problem worldwide The attitudes that lead to eating disorders are more The common in Whites and Asians than African Americans Americans 29 Course and Outcomes Löwe and colleagues Löwe (2001) looked at the clinical outcomes of patients with anorexia nervosa 21 years after they had first sought treatment had 16% No Longer No Alive Alive 51% Fully Recovered 10% Not Recovered 21% Partially Recovered 30 Causes of Anorexia and Bulimia Causes Like other psychological disorders, anorexia and bulimia involve a complex interplay of factors (Polivy & Herman, 2002). Most significant are social pressures that lead young women to base their self-worth on their physical appearance, especially their weight. Sociocultural Factors Sociocultural The pressure to achieve an unrealistic standard of thinness, combined with the importance attached to appearance in defining the female role in society, can lead young women to become dissatisfied with their bodies (Stice, 2001). These pressures are underscored by findings that among college women in one sample, 1 in 7 (14%) reported that buying a single chocolate bar in a store would cause them to feel embarrassed (Rozin, Bauer, & Catanese, 2003). In another study, peer pressure to adhere to a thin body shape emerged as a strong predictor of bulimic behavior in young women (Young,McFatter,& Clopton, 2001). Sociocultural Factors Sociocultural Exposure to media images of ultrathin women can lead to the internalization of a thin ideal, setting the stage for body dissatisfaction (Blowers et al., 2003; Cafri et al., 2005). Even in children as young as eight, girls express more dissatisfaction with their bodies than do boys (Ricciardelli & McCabe, 2001). Body mass index (BMI) - A standard m...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course PSY 254 at Rhode Island.

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