This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: isorders: Clinical depression Obsessive-compulsive disorder Substance abuse disorders Various personality disorders 27 Prevalence of Eating
Disorders The lifetime prevalence of anorexia nervosa is
The around 0.5%
around The lifetime prevalence of bulimia is around 1–3% 28 Eating Disorders Across
Cultures Eating disorders are becoming a problem worldwide The attitudes that lead to eating disorders are more
The common in Whites and Asians than African
Americans 29 Course and Outcomes Löwe and colleagues
Löwe (2001) looked at the
clinical outcomes of
patients with anorexia
nervosa 21 years after they
had first sought treatment
Fully Recovered 10%
Not Recovered 21%
Recovered 30 Causes of Anorexia and Bulimia
Causes Like other psychological disorders, anorexia and bulimia
involve a complex interplay of factors (Polivy & Herman,
Most significant are social pressures that lead young women
to base their self-worth on their physical appearance,
especially their weight. Sociocultural Factors
Sociocultural The pressure to achieve an unrealistic standard of thinness,
combined with the importance attached to appearance in
defining the female role in society, can lead young women to
become dissatisfied with their bodies (Stice, 2001).
These pressures are underscored by findings that among
college women in one sample, 1 in 7 (14%) reported that
buying a single chocolate bar in a store would cause them to
feel embarrassed (Rozin, Bauer, & Catanese, 2003).
In another study, peer pressure to adhere to a thin body
shape emerged as a strong predictor of bulimic behavior in
young women (Young,McFatter,& Clopton, 2001). Sociocultural Factors
Sociocultural Exposure to media images of ultrathin women can lead to the
internalization of a thin ideal, setting the stage for body
dissatisfaction (Blowers et al., 2003; Cafri et al., 2005).
Even in children as young as eight, girls express more
dissatisfaction with their bodies than do boys (Ricciardelli &
Body mass index (BMI) - A standard m...
View Full Document
This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course PSY 254 at Rhode Island.
- Spring '10