Reading Response 2
| White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible
Discussion Section Number:
Semester and Year:
Welcome to your second Reading Response assignment for Anthropology 104!
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RR2 Wendy Liu.docx
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itself (“White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” by Peggy McIntosh) is available on Canvas.
Despite consistent efforts over the last century by scholars to counter the inaccurate belief that races are biologically
real, race has remained a powerful framework through which many people see human diversity. Imagined categories of
race shape cultural institutions – schools, places of worship, media, political parties, economic practices, etc. – in the U.S.
Anthropologists study the ways racism is embedded in the structures of society. In other words, they look at the norms,
patterns, and policies that create and reproduce access to power, resources, and opportunities in ways that
systematically disadvantage people of color. Related to racism is a system that equally contributes to racial inequities.
That system is white privilege. White privilege is not something that white people always do, create, or enjoy on
purpose. Rather, white privilege is a preference for whiteness that saturates U.S. society.
In this exercise, we’ll consider some of the ways that white privilege works.
Peggy McIntosh, a women’s studies scholar, wrote a now-famous article in 1989 in which she considered her own white
privilege. To do so, she created a list of some of the ways that she saw white privilege operating in her life. For this
assignment you will her article and reflect on it.
Reading Response 1
| Peggy McIntosh’s “White Privilege: Unpacking the
Instructions & Expectations
Before you begin this writing assignment, read “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” (available as a PDF on
Each answer should be written using full sentences and should be
100 – 200 words
Read the instructions about Grading and Submission for this assignment on Canvas.
This assignment needs to be completed by
11:59pm the day BEFORE your Discussion Section in Week 8
Anthropology 104 | Reading Response 2