History Paper- Cold War effect on African Nations

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Unformatted text preview: nmentcontrolcamefromthe for the Liberation of Angola) was a MPLA'and LTNITA. MPLA (The Popular Movement political parly supported by 50,000 Cuban troops and the Soviet Union, while UNITA (The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) was backed by South Africa and the US.4 Angola had become an arena for the battle of the US and Soviet Union. This intense battle then ignited a civil war that divided the nation and prevented Angola from ascending in status. The US and Soviet Union were supplying the mercenaries and weapons for the civil war. Angola" which was Africa's fourth largest oil producer, suffered the highest mortalrty rate in the continent and experienced extreme food shortages.5 Innocent civilians were being killed and these death rates were failed to be addressed by the United Nations. For about 17 years, the 1992, when an civil war raged, until the year of official election was held to decide which party would govem Angola. The MPLA ended up winning the election and it finally seemed like Angola would be given a chance to recover. However, a second firll-scale civil war coilrmenced when the LiNITA claimed that the election was a hoax.6 During this time, Angola was not the only country that had been experiencing brutal civil wars brought about by the Cold War. Other nations such as Mozambique, Sudan, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Guinea Bissau were also involved in full-scale civil wars.7 Like Angola, these civil wars had further worsened what had already been destoyed by their previous European colonizers. Once granted independence, although the newly independent African nations were left in an ill-equipped state to rule, they were still determined to rise above this status. However, the Cold War diminished whatever hope was left for ascendancy. The superpowers enticed these African nations to join them with the offer of foreign aid, a common one being food aid.8 This food aid could ultimately make or break the nation. Somalia had won its i...
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