Unformatted text preview: Transfer layer, i.e., on one Virtual
Channel, thus potentially simplifying the Transfer layer reporting and reducing its associated
telemetered traffic. Conversely, it is important to recognize that this potential simplification of
the Transfer layer is bought at the price of the increased complexity and communications
overhead associated with the Segmentation layer.
Missions are therefore free to decide whether or not to implement a Segmentation layer: if the
higher layer TC data units (e.g., TC Packets) are all short enough to fit within a maximumlength TC Transfer Frame (and the reporting complexity is acceptable), the Virtual Channel
feature of the TC Transfer Frame may be used for multiplexing, and the Segmentation layer
may be completely omitted. It will be noted when reading Reference  that the CCSDS
Recommendations theoretically allow up to 64 Virtual Channels in the Transfer layer, each with
up to 64 MAPs attached to it within the Segmentation layer. This theoretically huge
multiplexing capability is an artifact of the decision to provide alternative multiplexing
mechanisms, and a real implementation will usually use a much more restricted repertoire of
MAP and VC capabilities. 3 . 2 . 2 TC TRANSFER LAYER
The basic service of the TC Transfer layer is the GUARANTEED error-free communication of
higher layer TC data units to the receiving end of the layer above, correct and without omission
or duplication, and in the same sequential order in which they were received from the layer
above at the sending end. THIS GUARANTEED SERVICE IS CENTRAL TO THE
OPERATING PHILOSOPHY OF THE TC SYSTEM: the Transfer layer is therefore the
"core" of the standard CCSDS telecommanding concept. In order to provide this service, the
TC Transfer layer draws upon the supporting lower layer TC Channel Service. Figure 3-5
depicts the activities and interfaces of the TC Transfer layer.
The sending end of the TC Transfer layer encapsulates each higher layer TC data unit (e.g., TC
Packet, TC Segment or a non-standard user data structure) within the data field of a TC
Transfer Frame: one (and ONLY one) TC data unit is inserted into the data field of each frame.
The header of the TC Frame contains key data link control information such as spacecraft and
Virtual Channel identification, frame sequence number, and frame length.
The operating configuration of the TC Transfer layer is specified by control instructions
received from higher layers. The sending end of the Transfer layer formulates special TC
Transfer Frames called "Control Commands" which it transmits to a "Frame Acceptance and
Issue 6 Page 3-8 January 1987 CCSDS REPORT CONCERNING TELECOMMAND: SUMMARY OF CONCEPT AND SERVICE TRANSFER LAYER
END SEGMENTATION LAYER INPUT: SEGMENTS.
DELIVERY CONDITIONS. OUTPUT: SEGMENTS. FUNCTION: ENCAPSULATE
SEGMENTS AND DELIVERY
MULTIPLEX FRAMES BY
MONITOR FRAME ACCEPTANCE.
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- Spring '14
- Space Exploration, ........., 1987, European Space Agency, CCSDS