APUS history notes chpt2 The Planting of English America

The American Pageant: A History of the Republic, 12th Edition

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 2: “The Planting of English America” I. England’s Imperial Stirrings A. North America 1. North America in 1600 was largely unclaimed, though the Spanish had much control in Central and South America. 2. Spain had only set up Santa Fe, while France had founded Quebec and Britain had founded Jamestown. 3. In the 1500s, Britain didn’t really colonize because of internal conflicts. a. King Henry VIII broke with the Roman Catholic Church in the 1530s and launched the English Protestant Reformation. b. After Elizabeth I became queen, Britain became basically Protestant, and a rivalry with Catholic Spain intensified. c. In Ireland, the Catholics sought Spain’s help in revolting against England, but the English crushed the uprising with brutal atrocity, and developed an attitude of sneering contempt for natives. II. Elizabeth Energizes England A. Colonization 1. After Britain basically defeated Spain (i.e. Spanish Armada defeat), British swarmed to America and took over lead in colonization and power. a. Sparked new literature, like Shakespeare 2. After Drake circumnavigated the globe, Liz I knighted him on his ship. 3. However, English tries at colonization in the New World failed often and embarrassingly. 4. Britain and Spain finally signed a peace treaty in 1604. III. England on the Eve of the Empire A. Reasons for Emigration 1. In the 1500s, Britain’s population was mushrooming. 2. Farmers were enclosing land for farming. 3. Puritanism took a strong root in the woolen districts of western and eastern England. 4. Younger sons of rich folk (who couldn’t inherit money) tried their luck with fortunes elsewhere, like America. 5. By the 1600s, the joint-stock company was perfected, being a forerunner to today’s corporations. IV. England Plants the Jamestown Seedling A. Jamestown 1. In 1606, the Virginia Company received a charter from King James I to make a settlement in the New World. a. Such joint-stock companies usually did not exist long, as stockholders hoped to form the company, make a profit, and then quickly sell for profit a few years later. 2.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 02/20/2008.

Page1 / 4

APUS history notes chpt2 The Planting of English America -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online