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APUS history notes chpt18 Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy

The American Pageant: A History of the Republic, 12th Edition

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A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 18: “Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy” ~ 1841 – 1848 ~ I. The Accession of “Tyler Too” 1. The Whig leaders, namely Henry Clay and Daniel Webster , had planned to control newly elected President William H. Harrison , but their plans hit a snag when he contracted pneumonia and died—only four weeks after he came to the White House. 2. The new president was John Tyler , a Virginian gentleman who was a lone wolf. a. He did not agree with the Whig party, since they were pro-bank and pro- protective tariff and pro-internal improvements, but he was not. II. John Tyler: A President Without a Party 1. After their victory, the Whigs unveiled their platform for America: a. Financial reform would come in the form of a law ending the independent treasury system; Tyler agreeably signed it. b. A new bill for a new U.S. Bank was on the table, but Clay didn’t try hard enough to conciliate with Tyler and get it passed, and it was vetoed. 2. Whig extremists now started to call Tyler “his accidency.” a. His entire cabinet resigned, except for Webster. 3. Also, Tyler vetoed a proposed Whig tariff. 4. The Whigs redrafted and revised the tariff, taking out the dollar-distribution scheme and pushing down the rates to about the moderately protective level of 1832 (32%), and Tyler, realizing that a tariff was needed, reluctantly signed it. III. A War of Words with England. 1. At this time, anti-British sentiment was high because the pro-British Federalists had died out, there had been two wars with Britain, and the British travelers in America scoffed at the “uncivilized” Americans. 2. American and British magazines ripped each other’s countries, but fortunately, this war was only of words and not of blood. 3. In the 1800s, America with its expensive canals and railroads was a borrowing nation while Britain was the one that lent money, but when the Panic of 1837 broke out, the Englishmen who lost money assailed their rash American borrowers. 4. In 1837, a small rebellion in Canada broke out, and American furnished arms and supplies. 5. Also in 1837, an American steamer, the Caroline , was attacked in New York and set on fire by a British force 6. Tensions were high afterwards, but later calmed; then in 1841, British officials in the Bahamas offered asylum to some 130 revolting slaves who had captured the ship Creole . IV.
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