Lecture 10

Blast furnaces and casting of iron dates to 200bc but

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Unformatted text preview: st furnaces and casting of iron dates to 200BC but arrived in Europe in the late 14th century. The spinning wheel arrived at about the same time in the 13th century. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and14, 2009 Analysis October Historical 3 / 19 Su Sung water clock from 1086AD “Chinese water clocks ... far exceeded in mechanical complexity, mastery of materials And mechanism, and accuracy of measurements anything that Europe had to offers circa 1100AD” Joel Mokyr (1990, p. 215). The Kangnido map was made in Korea from Chinese source material in 1402 Kangnido map details Stasis A lot of consensus that after 1400 China became technologically undynamic and there are even examples of technologies which were forgotten (such as iron smelting, see Mokyr’ chapter 9). By the early s 19th century it was clear that China was far behind Western Europe technologically and this had profound consequences, e.g. the Opium Wars of 1839-1842. Since at least the British writer Gibbon in the late 18th century, people have speculated about why China went into relative (possibly absolute) decline and why it did not experience the industrial revolution …rst. Max Weber started the modern literature, contrasting Protestantism with Chinese religious beliefs (The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism, published in 1915). As things stand there is no consensus on this issue. This is a topic really waiting for a good empirical paper! James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and14, 2009 Analysis October Historical 4 / 19 Types of Explanation Marx discussed the “Asiatic Mode of production” which he took to be despotic and pre-capitalist (Marx famously saw European colonialism as a dynamic force pushing such societies towards sociali...
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