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Acts). Chinese state was not. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and14, 2009 Analysis
9 / 19 Jadeite axes were widely traded across Western Europe 4700-3800BC Source: Cunliffe, Barry (2008) Europe Between the Oceans: 9000BC-AD1000,
New Haven: Yale University Press. P. 152. Agricultural productivity in the Yangtze delta may have been relatively
high in 1800
Source: Allen, Robert C. (2006) “Agricultural Productivity and Rural Incomes in England and
the Yangtze Delta, 1620-1800,” Unpublished Nuffield College Oxford. Comparative Real wages of unskilled workers (building workers) in Beijing
were low, however, less than 1/3 of London. Source, Allen, Robert C., Jean-Pascal Bessino, Debin Ma, Christine Moll-Murata
and Jan Luiten van Zanden (2006) “Wages and Living Standards in China, Japan and Europe, 1738-1925” An Alternative Hypothesis
Pomeranz proposed an alternative hypothesis (recent work by Bin
Wong and Jean-Laurant Rosenthal is developing another one based
on the connection between warfare, urbanization and technical change
.. I’ skeptical).
His argument was that Europe and China were both in terminal
Malthusian decline’in the 18th century but that Europe, particularly
Britain got lucky.
1 Most important the discovery of the Americas relaxed the Malthusian
constraints by making a huge amount of land and natural resources
available. 2 Britain had coal in the right place. 3 Colonial societies, as in the West Indies, created very good markets
for industrial goods. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis
October 14, 2009
10 / 19 Slavery and Capital Accumulation
To a large degree Pomeranz resuscitates the old argument that the
slave trade funded British capitalism (in his seminal b...
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This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course ECON 2328 at Harvard.
- Fall '09