Lecture 10

Chinese state was not james a robinson harvard the

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Unformatted text preview: ion Acts, Calicoe Acts). Chinese state was not. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and14, 2009 Analysis October Historical 9 / 19 Jadeite axes were widely traded across Western Europe 4700-3800BC Source: Cunliffe, Barry (2008) Europe Between the Oceans: 9000BC-AD1000, New Haven: Yale University Press. P. 152. Agricultural productivity in the Yangtze delta may have been relatively high in 1800 Source: Allen, Robert C. (2006) “Agricultural Productivity and Rural Incomes in England and the Yangtze Delta, 1620-1800,” Unpublished Nuffield College Oxford. Comparative Real wages of unskilled workers (building workers) in Beijing were low, however, less than 1/3 of London. Source, Allen, Robert C., Jean-Pascal Bessino, Debin Ma, Christine Moll-Murata and Jan Luiten van Zanden (2006) “Wages and Living Standards in China, Japan and Europe, 1738-1925” An Alternative Hypothesis Pomeranz proposed an alternative hypothesis (recent work by Bin Wong and Jean-Laurant Rosenthal is developing another one based on the connection between warfare, urbanization and technical change .. I’ skeptical). m His argument was that Europe and China were both in terminal ‘ Malthusian decline’in the 18th century but that Europe, particularly Britain got lucky. 1 Most important the discovery of the Americas relaxed the Malthusian constraints by making a huge amount of land and natural resources available. 2 Britain had coal in the right place. 3 Colonial societies, as in the West Indies, created very good markets for industrial goods. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis October 14, 2009 10 / 19 Slavery and Capital Accumulation To a large degree Pomeranz resuscitates the old argument that the slave trade funded British capitalism (in his seminal b...
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