Lecture 13

Lucia st kitts berbice guyana salvador brazil salvador

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Unformatted text preview: vador, Brazil Trinidad St. Lucia St. Kitts Berbice (Guyana) Salvador, Brazil Salvador, Brazil Sierra Leone Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Anguilla Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Salvador, Brazil Salvador, Brazil Sierra Leone Salvador, Brazil Salvador, Brazil Kikoneh Island, Sierra Leone Total 1804–1820 1804–1850 1808–1842 1813 1815 1817 1819 1819–1836 1820–1835 1821–1824 1826–1837 1827 1830–1852 1833–1849 1835 1838–1848 1848 1851–1884 1852–1888 1896–1897 Num. Ethnic. Num. Obs. 109 58 19 115 44 36 40 14 13 68 36 8 470 39 13 11 63 13 10 11 5,389 108 662 13,346 2,638 2,886 1,142 1,105 1,341 638 1,906 30 4,034 1,735 277 250 7,302 410 294 190 88,616 Record Type Notarial Records Slave Interviews Records of Manumission Slave Registers Slave Registers Slave Registers Slave Registers Manumission Certificates Probate Records Child Registers Prison Records Slave Registers Free Africans’ Records Death Certificates Court Records Slave Registers Linguistic and British Census Records of Manumission Slave Registers Fugitive Slave Records Table 3: Slave Exports, 1400–1913: Top 10 countries Country Nigeria Zaire Angola Ghana Ethiopia Sudan Benin Mozambique Congo Atlantic Exports Indian Ocean Exports Saharan Exports Red Sea Exports Total Exports Percent of Total 1,997,342 2,184,318 2,095,149 1,459,691 0 0 916,913 327,773 706,931 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 382,884 0 329,185 0 0 0 449,023 910,593 12,050 0 0 0 0 0 0 768,701 263,456 0 0 0 2,326,526 2,184,318 2,095,149 1,459,691 1,217,724 1,174,049 928,963 710,657 706,931 13% 12% 12% 8% 7% 7% 5% 4% 4% 10 Relationship Between Current Income and Past Slave Exports (beta coef = −.60, t−stat = 5.37) Mauritius Seychelles Log 1998 Real per Capita GDP 7.5 Gabon S Africa Botswana Tunisia Swaziland Algeria Namibia Cape Verde Lesotho Rwanda Burundi Egypt Morocco Equitorial Guinea Zimbabwe Guinea Cameroon Congo Ivory Coast Djibouti Comoros Senegal Mauritania Kenya Sudan Somolia Liberia Ghana Gambia Angola Benin Moz Nigeria Central Afr Rep Uganda Togo Chad BF Zambia Niger Mali SL Malawi Madagascar Guinea Bissau Ethiopia Tanzania 5 Zaire −4 0 5 Log Total Slave Exports per 1,000 km sq of Land Area Data source: PWT and author’s calculations 11 Baseline Estimating Equation Yi = β0 + β1 Si + β2 Ai + C′ δ + X′ γ + εi i i Y – Economic development: 1. Log real per capita GDP in 1998 2. Average real per capita GDP growth, 1960–2000 S – Log slaves taken between 1400 and 1913 A – Log country size C – Indicator variables for identity of colonizer X – Other control variables Table 4: Income and slave exports, controlling for size with land area. Dependent variable is log real per capita GDP in 1998. (1) ln(exports) (2) −.10 (−5.56) −.11 (−4.93) ....
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