Lecture 13

Red sea and indian ocean trades from 850ad to 1900

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Unformatted text preview: 1866. Magnitude of the Slave Trades Slave Trade trans-Atlantic trans-Saharan Red Sea Indian Ocean Total Total/year 1400–1599 1600–1699 1700–1799 1800–1913 1400–1913 188,108 700,000 400,000 200,000 597,444 435,000 200,000 100,000 8,253,885 865,000 200,000 428,000 3,709,081 1,066,143 505,400 395,300 12,748,518 3,066,143 1,305,400 1,123,300 1,488,108 1,332,444 9,746,885 5,675,924 18,243,361 7,441 13,324 97,469 50,230 35,562 Persistence of the Slave Trades • Janjaweed attacks on the Fur and Shilluk in Darfur (Western Sudan). • Baggara slave raids on the Dinka in Bahr El Ghazal (Southern Sudan). • LRA kidnappings in Northern Uganda. • Domestic slavery in Mauritania. Data Sources 1. Shipping Data • Know the total number of slaves exported from each port or region of Africa. 2. Ethnicity Data • Observe the ethnic origins of a subsample of slaves shipped outside of Africa. Shipping Data • Atlantic slave trade. – Know port of embarkation. • Indian Ocean slave trade. – Know region of embarkation. • Saharan slave trade. – Know slaves’ destinations. – Know which caravan slaves arrived on. • Red Sea slave trade. – Know port of embarkation. Ethnicity Data • Atlantic slave trade. – 46 samples, 88,616 slaves, 480 ethnicities • Indian Ocean slave trade. – 4 samples, 11,651 slaves, 30 ethnicities • Saharan slave trade. – 3 samples, 6,057 slaves, 24 ethnicities • Red Sea slave trade. – 1 sample, 5 slaves, 2 ethnicities Table 2: Slave Ethnicity Data: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Region Years Valencia, Spain Dominican Republic Peru Mexico Peru Lima, Peru Colombia Mexico Dominican Republic Chile Lima, Peru Peru (Rural) Lima, Peru Colombia Guyane (French Guiana) Colombia French Louisiana Dominican Republic South Carolina Colombia Spanish Louisiana St. Dominique (Haiti) St. Dominique (Haiti) Guadeloupe Cuba St. Dominique (Haiti) 1482–1516 1547–1591 1548–1560 1549 1560–1650 1583–1589 1589–1607 1600–1699 1610–1696 1615 1630–1702 1632 1640–1680 1635–1695 1690 1716–1725 1717–1769 1717–1827 1732–1775 1738–1778 1770–1803 1771–1791 1778–1791 1788 1791–1840 1796–1797 Num. Ethnic. Num. Obs. Record Type 25 11 16 12 27 15 6 26 20 6 33 25 33 6 12 19 109 8 39 11 109 30 36 8 55 51 2,651 27 207 83 7,573 288 20 406 55 140 411 307 936 19 69 58 6,315 15 907 109 6,615 5,433 1,293 55 3,218 5,723 Crown Records Records of Sale Records of Sale Plantation Accounts Notarial Records Baptism Records Various Records Records of Sale Government Records Sales Records Parish Records Parish Records Marriage Records Slave Inventories Plantation Records Government Records Notarial Records Government Records Runaway Notices Various Records Notarial Records Sugar Plantations Coffee Plantations News Paper Report Slave Registers Plantation Inventories Table 2: Slave Ethnicity Data: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, continued Region Years American Louisiana From Central Sudan Sal...
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This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course ECON 2328 at Harvard.

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