Lecture 15

Part of racist cultural wave across the south largely

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Unformatted text preview: 1891, and 1894 repeal of electoral law. Part of racist cultural wave across the South. Largely exogenous to the local variation used in this paper. Big historical literature on who benefited: Rich or poor whites? Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 9 / 29 Post-Bellum Disenfranchisement Georgia implements first poll tax in 1868 Further disenfranchisement through legislation and constitutional changes. Big waves in 1888-1893 and 1899-1904 Poll Tax: $1-$2 fee to vote, sometimes cumulative. Literacy Test: Read section of constitution Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 10 / 29 Southern Disenfranchisement Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 11 / 29 Sample Counties Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 12 / 29 Main Specification 1920 P L yp(c )cst = β (Dst + Dst ) + αt Xc ,1860 + δc + δp(c )t + p (c )cst (1) t =1870 P L Dst + Dst sum of poll tax and literacy test indicators Xc ,1860 log 1860 population, urban population, fraction slave. δc county fixed effect δp(c )t county-pair X year fixed effect Standard errors multidimensionally clustered on border-segment X year and state. Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 13 / 29 What Does This Identify? Note that county fixed effects take care of any time-invariant county characteristics. Pair-year FE control for unobservables that are continuous across state lines e.g. Racist culture, white intimidation, time-varying geographic/climatic differences, land productivity, labor market shocks. Also isolating the populations with lowest latent migration costs. Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 14 / 29 Threats to Identification Other state-year legislation. Can control for some legislation, but not all. Estimate dynamic model to...
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