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Unformatted text preview: labor control.
Some were economic – refusal to invest in education.
Southern politicians did not push for Federal Government projects out
of fear it would disrupt the basis of the economy.
These strategies developed in the 1890s into the plethora of “Jim
Crow” laws meant to control and coerce the black population.
In the words of W.E.B. Du Bois The Souls of Black Folk (1903, p.
88) the South became
“simply an armed camp for intimidating black folk.”
James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and2, 2008
November Historical Analysis
11 / 18 Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South
Guest Lecture October 28, 2009 Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 1 / 29 Pre-War U.S. South U.S. South plantation economy (cotton, rice, indigo, tobacco, sugar),
but also yeoman white farmers
Southern economy looks like Greater Caribbean
Expansion of Southwest frontier associated with rapid expansion of
Much of American political and ﬁscal institutions arguably an
outcome of compromises between slave and non-slave “Cold War”. Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 2 / 29 Civil War North-South hostility over the “slave power”
Lincoln’s election induces Southern secession
Civil War very bloody
Followed by Union army occupation and “Reconstruction”-essentially
state-building and democratization.
Also see creation of ﬁrst black labor markets Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 3 / 29 Post-Bellum South
Whites form paramilitary armies to win elections and oust
Federal withdrawal of troops together with state victories by
Democrats begin reversing Reconstruction
Completed with 1877 compromise over tight 1876
1877-1890 a period of political ﬂux. Electoral competition and
Sharecropping results as a compromise between black labor and
1890-1910: Legal disenfranchisement of blacks, Jim Crow legislation“Restoration”
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