Lecture 15

Some were economic refusal to invest in education

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Unformatted text preview: labor control. Some were economic – refusal to invest in education. Southern politicians did not push for Federal Government projects out of fear it would disrupt the basis of the economy. These strategies developed in the 1890s into the plethora of “Jim Crow” laws meant to control and coerce the black population. In the words of W.E.B. Du Bois The Souls of Black Folk (1903, p. 88) the South became “simply an armed camp for intimidating black folk.” James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and2, 2008 November Historical Analysis 11 / 18 Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South Suresh Naidu Guest Lecture October 28, 2009 Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 1 / 29 Pre-War U.S. South U.S. South plantation economy (cotton, rice, indigo, tobacco, sugar), but also yeoman white farmers Southern economy looks like Greater Caribbean Expansion of Southwest frontier associated with rapid expansion of slavery. Much of American political and fiscal institutions arguably an outcome of compromises between slave and non-slave “Cold War”. Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 2 / 29 Civil War North-South hostility over the “slave power” Lincoln’s election induces Southern secession Civil War very bloody Followed by Union army occupation and “Reconstruction”-essentially state-building and democratization. Also see creation of first black labor markets Suresh Naidu (Guest Lecture) Political Economy in the Post-Bellum U.S. South October 28, 2009 3 / 29 Post-Bellum South Whites form paramilitary armies to win elections and oust Reconstruction governments Federal withdrawal of troops together with state victories by Democrats begin reversing Reconstruction Completed with 1877 compromise over tight 1876 election-“Redemption” 1877-1890 a period of political flux. Electoral competition and corruption rife. Sharecropping results as a compromise between black labor and landowners 1890-1910: Legal disenfranchisement of blacks, Jim Crow legislation“Restoration” Debt peon...
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This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course ECON 2328 at Harvard.

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