In fact gult even expanded dramatically in the late

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Unformatted text preview: nted a coup and overthrew and executed Emperor Haile Selassie. In fact gult even expanded dramatically in the late 19th century as the Ethiopians under Emperor Menelik II took advantage of the scramble for Africa to expand their state. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and5, 2009 October Historical Analysis 16 / 25 Menelik II Aksumite oxen and plough technology, 400AD Tigray, June 2007 Failures of Capitalism: Africa The historical development of institutions in Africa didn’ create t economic growth in the early modern period and didn’ facilitate t technological catch up when barriers to knowledge were broken down. A seminal discussion of historical institutional di¤erences between Africa and Europe is due to Jack Goody (1971) in his book Technology, Tradition and the State in Africa (Goody then wrote a series of other books looking in more detail at di¤erences in social institutions, all of which are fascinating). Goody …rst discusses whether the term ‘ feudalism’can be applied in Africa, he says on balance that this is not useful (though as I mentioned earlier, Ethiopianists do think Ethiopia was feudal and the di¤erences between Ethiopia and other parts of Africa are consistent with this - plow, landlords, something much more like serfdom). James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and5, 2009 October Historical Analysis 17 / 25 Europe and Africa The book gets moving in Chapter 2. Goody argues that key di¤erences in technology between Africa and Europe are the cause of many di¤erences on social structure. Discusses three sorts of di¤erences between Africa and Europe in the medieval and early modern periods. 1 2 3 Trade patterns Technology Military organization Argues that there was a great deal of monetized local and long-distance trade and that this is not an important distinction between Africa and Europe. Was there a ‘ commercial revolution’? James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and5, 2009 October Historical Analysis 18 / 25 Wheel and Plow Points out the...
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