An interesting empirical paper might be to examine

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Unformatted text preview: med’quite a few places including England. An interesting empirical paper might be to examine more generally if there is a ‘ Norman legacy.’ James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 16, 2008 20 / 24 Norman Conquests – Narrow Definition Norman Conquests – Broad Definition Harold Godwinson, King of England gets an arrow in his eye at the Battle of Hastings, October 14, 1066 as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry. More on Governance and Culture More recently Tabellini (in his presidential address to the European Economic Association ‘ Institutions and Culture’ has used another ) very ingenious identi…cation strategy to estimate the causal e¤ect of culture on governance. He …rst runs cross-country regressions of di¤erent measures of governance on measures of culture from the World Values Survey. He focuses on trust and respect de…ned in the same way as above. He …nds that ‘ good culture’is positively correlated with measures of good governance. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 16, 2008 21 / 24 Figure 2. Cultural Map of the World Trust & Respect -0.52 -0.359 -0.359 -0.198 -0.198 -0.036 -0.036 +0.125 -0.125 +0.286 +0.286 +0.448 +0.448 +0.609 +0.609 +0.77 Table 5: Culture and Governance, cross country OLS estimates (1) Dependent variable Trust (2) (3) (4) GADP & Bureaucratic quality 0.468 (0.218)** 0.522 (0.263)* Respect 0.359 (0.144)** Trust & Respect Primary education in 1930 0.007 (0.001)*** 0.007 (0.001)*** 0.279 (0.073)*** 0.006 (0.001)*** 0.000 (0.001) 0.214 (0.033)*** Income in 1980-2000 Observations Adjusted R2 57 0.66 57 0.64 57 0.68 56 0.86 Robust standard errors in parentheses * significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1% Other included covariates: Dummy variables for French and UK legal origin A Di¤erent Identi…cation Strategy He now uses a di¤erent identi…cation approach based on language. In some languages, like English, one does not drop pronouns (at least in ‘ polite’company). So you have to say: “I speak Spanish.” In Spanish, on the other hand one can say “hablo Inglés” instead of “yo hablo inglés”. The idea is that people who speak languages where you can’ drop pronouns are ones with greater respect for the individual. t In some languages, like English, if you want to say “where are you from?” there is only one form of ‘ . In Spanish, there are two you’ forms depending on your relationship with the person, formal and informal “de donde eres tu” or “de donde es usted” the presence of such forms is interpreted as the existence or more hierarchical relationships in society. So de…ne a dummy=1 if a country has a language which allows you to drop a pronoun and dummy=1 if the language makes distinctions between di¤erent 2nd person forms. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 16, 2008 22 / 24 Results Tabellini constructs the language variables for a country by taking th...
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This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course ECON 2328 at Harvard.

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