Source edward bafield 1958 the moral basis of a

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Unformatted text preview: odern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 16, 2008 10 / 24 Chiaromonte Would you trust these Southern Italians? Source: Edward Bafield (1958) The Moral Basis of a Backward Society, Glencoe: The Free Press. Amoral Familism - Highly persistent across generations Piety? – Negatively correlated With Social Capital Measuring Social Capital The real contribution of Putnam’ book was the very innovative ways s he measured both social capital and the performance of the government. The de…nition of social capital is “the collection of good behavior that tends to be simultaneously present in certain communities/countries whose inhabitants vote, obey the law, and cooperate with each others and whose leaders are honest and committed to the public good.” To measure social capital he collected data on the extent of membership in voluntary associations and groups. He also looked at the extent to which people exercised ‘ preference votes’the idea being that when you did this you were explicitly engaging in a clientelistic exchange - hence low social capital. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 16, 2008 11 / 24 Measuring Governance #1 Budget promptness: the average delay in approving the state budget over the period 1979-1985. The date at which this happened was on average January 27 in Friuli-Venezia Giulia to August 7 in Calabria. Legislative innovation: he examined twelve di¤erent areas on which similar laws appeared in di¤erent regions, for example air and water pollution, consumer protection, strip mining regulation, etc. He then coded which regions led in implementing these laws measuring on average across the twelve domains how soon after the …rst appearance was the law implemented in a particular region. The pioneering region was given a score of 100 with a region that never adopted being given a 0. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 16, 2008 12 / 24 Measuring Governance #2 Bureaucratic responsiveness : In January 1983, researchers contacted regional bureaucracies requesting information on various issues, for instance the agricultural department was asked, on behalf of a “farmer friend” for information about loans and subsidies for experimental crops. The initial requests were by mail, and replies were evaluated for their promptness, clarity and comprehensiveness. If no reply came then follow up telephone calls were tried and even personal visits. While in Emilia-Romagna and Valle d’ Aosta two of the three requests received detailed replies within one week in Calabria, Campania and Sardinia none of the mailed requests received a reply at all. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 16, 2008 13 / 24 The Argument Putnam argued that social capital caused variation in governance. He did not have an identi…cation strategy but he argued that one could think of social capital as exogenous because the origins of variation in social capital lay in the roots of...
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