And income 102 027 161 075 070 025 059 026 034 029

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Unformatted text preview: come per capita Observations R-squared 400 0.02 400 0.25 History, geog., endow. and income 1.02*** (0.27) 1.61** (0.75) 0.70*** (0.25) 0.59** (0.26) 0.34 (0.29) -0.03 (0.26) -8.04*** (1.36) 3.78*** (1.07) 2.75*** History, geo,endow and area dummies 1.26*** (0.28) 2.71*** (0.79) 0.47* (0.25) 0.72** (0.30) 0.22 (0.30) -1.04*** (0.39) -5.44*** (1.53) 2.46** (1.15) 1.19 (0.82) -4.27 (5.01) 0.51*** (0.06) 400 0.48 (0.98) 12.69*** (4.31) 400 0.39 56 Table 4: Effect of communal history on referenda turnout The table shows OLS estimates of the effect of having been an independent city on average referenda turnout computed as the fraction of individuals that participated on average in three referenda held after WWII; estimates are run on the sample of the largest 400 towns located in the Center-North of Italy. Regressions are weighted using city population. Robust standard errors are reported in parentheses. *** significant at less than 1%; ** significant at 5%; * significant at 10%. Only History History and History, geography No large towns No province History, History, geography and endowment capitals geography, geography, endowment and endowments and income area dummies Commune -1.25 0.87 1.11** 0.20 0.13 1.11** 0.89* (1.08) (0.55) (0.56) (0.61) (0.70) (0.56) (0.44) Elevation -7.60*** -7.70*** -7.38*** -8.85*** -7.44*** -2.93* (1.63) (1.63) (1.61) (2.05) (1.64) (1.68) Max difference in elevation -2.46*** -2.81*** -2.88*** -3.02*** -2.72*** -0.82 (0.40) (0.44) (0.52) (0.75) (0.43) (0.50) Intersection of Roman roads -0.28 0.09 -0.10 -0.52 -0.06 -0.64 (0.47) (0.52) (0.56) (1.06) (0.51) (0.44) On the coast -3.11*** -3.19*** -3.65*** -5.74*** -2.98*** -1.81*** (0.72) (0.71) (0.83) (1.05) (0.67) (0.67) More than 5km from coast 0.31 -0.16 -0.35 -0.77 0.12 0.02 (0.80) (0.78) (0.74) (0.73) (0.77) (0.94) Population (million people) -7.87** -9.64*** -16.09 8.77 -10.85*** -0.52 (3.23) (3.58) (25.42) (24.05) (3.37) (2.43) Population squared 0.45 2.26 145.56 -230.29 3.01 -4.15** (2.42) (2.68) (214.29) (169.67) (2.51) (1.90) Gini inequality index of 3.06** 5.32*** 5.75*** 3.39** 1.94 land ownership (1.50) (1.89) (2.15) (1.54) (1.87) Gini income inequality index -9.95 -16.70** -14.70* -18.28** -2.57 (6.80) (8.04) (8.73) (8.71) (7.38) Income per capita 0.23 (0.15) Observations 400 400 400 380 337 400 400 R-squared 0.02 0.54 0.55 0.35 0.41 0.56 0.64 58 Table 8: First stages The table shows estimates of a linear probability model for whether the city was a Commune and the first stage estimates of the I.V. regressions reported in Table 9. Estimates are run on the sample of the largest 400 towns located in the Center-North. Robust standard errors are reported in parentheses. *** significant at less than 1%; ** significant at 5%; * significant at 10%. First stage estimates Only instruments Instruments and geography Bishop city 0.74*** 0.75*** 0.54*** (0.07) (0.07) (0.06) Etruscan city 0.17*** 0.14** 0.21*** (0.06) (0.06) (0.05) Elevation -0.47** -0.37** (0.22) (0.18) Max difference in elevation -0.01 0.08 (0.07) (0.05) Intersection of Roman roads -0.06 -0.15** (0.08) (0.06) On the coast -0.25** -0.26...
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This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course ECON 2328 at Harvard.

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