229 and those who have anything to do with the lele

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Unformatted text preview: as argued that the Lele were trapped into an ine¢ cient social equilibrium. There was no process of political centralization (“each village is completely independent” p. 229) and “Those who have anything to do with the Lele must have noticed the absence of anyone who could give orders with a reasonable hope of being obeyed .. This lack of authority goes a long way to explaining their poverty” (in her book (1963) The Lele of Kasai p. 1) Society was based on a self-reproducing system of dominance of young men by old men. “Old men monopolized economic activities and resources to extract rents.” Young men were diverted into raiding and abducting “such insecurity is obviously inimical to trade” p. 227. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 23, 2009 17 / 21 Roots of Bushong Success Douglas does not explain why the Bushong are di¤erent from the Lele, but Jan Vansina did in his 1978 book The Children of Woot: A History of the Kuba Peoples. “A starting point for economic development appears with the reign of Shyaam .. Technological innovations, especially in agriculture, began to spread throughout the country .. The staple crops were replaced by American crops, which had higher yields .. The main innovation was the introduction of a double .. even a triple .. annual harvest of maize.” Vansina ( 1978, p. 175) “the output per domestic producing unit doubled during the Age of Kings” (p. 176) “the whole agricultural calendar had to be reorganized, including the division of labor by sex” (p. 177) James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis September 23, 2009 18 / 21 The Process of Innovation “The …rst step in raining productivity was for the men to work more in the …elds .. Second, the age of marriage was lowered, bringing young men .. Into the agricultural labor force. Young men did not work in the …elds at all until marriage .. By the nineteent...
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This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course ECON 2328 at Harvard.

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