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This view is quite problematical, or at least contestable, as I shall
There is now a great deal of evidence that social change preceded the
transition to agriculture.
One of the most famous examples is Göbekli Tepe in eastern Turkey. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and23, 2009 Analysis
4 / 21 The Long Summer Alley, Richard B. (2000) “The Younger Dryas cold interval as viewed from central Greenland,”
Quaternary Science Reviews , 19, Issues 1-5, p. 213-226. Göbekli Tepe
Soon after 9600BCE people came to Göbekli Tepe and carved
massive T-shaped pillars out of limestone. Many were 8 feet high and
weighed 7 tons and had been brought from as far as 100m away.
The pillars were sunk into circular structures cut into the hill and
many of the pillars were carved with wild animals, snakes, wild cattle,
gazelles, wild boars.
There is no evidence of domesticated plants or animals in the area
from this period.
It seems the site was a ritual or religious ceremony and it shows a
level of social organization previously unknown before the Neolithic
30km away are the hills known as the Karacada¼. In 1997 the wild
wheat growing on the Karacada¼ were identi…ed as the closest known
genetic relative of modern domestic wheat (Heun, M. et al “Site of
Einkorn Wheat Domestication identi…ed by DNA …ngerprinting,”
Science, 278, 1312-1314.)
James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and23, 2009 Analysis
5 / 21 Göbekli Tepe in Eastern Turkey The Natu…ans The people who possibly …rst made the transition to farming were the
Natu…ans. They were also sedentary prior to the creation of
One piece of evidence for this comes from gazelle teeth. Gazelle teeth
are composed of cementum which grows in layers. During the spring
and summer when growth is most rapid the layers are a di¤erent color
from the layers that form in the winter. By taking a slice through a
tooth you can see the color of th...
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- Fall '09