Unformatted text preview: e last layer created before the gazelle
died. Using this technique you can see if the gazelle was killed in
summer or winter. At Natu…an sites one …nds gazelles killed in all
seasons, suggesting year round residence. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and23, 2009 Analysis
6 / 21 The Natu…ans
Why did Natu…ans become sedentary? The density of Natu…an sites
is no greater than that of previous groups so there does not appear to
be evidence of increasing population density.
Skeletal and dental evidence also does not suggest deteriorating
health. For instance, food shortage tends to create thin lines in
people’ tooth enamel called hypoplasias. These lines are less
prevalent in Natu…an people than farming people and there does not
seem to be evidence of decreasing living standards.
Archaeologists currently believe that sedentism emerged from periodic
gatherings, probably for ceremonial or religious reasons.
During the Younger Dryas we know that the Natu…ans became less
sedentary, but it seems that it was the legacy of sedentism that then
led to farming when after 9600BC global temperatures rose by 7
degrees C in less than decade.
James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and23, 2009 Analysis
7 / 21 Abu Hurerya One of the best documented sites where we can study the transition
from foraging to farming is Abu Hureyra on the banks of the river
Euphrates in northern Syria.
There was a permanent settlement of hunter gatherers about 11,000
to 10,000 years ago but real signs of domestication only begin about
9,600 years ago.
Prior to the emergence of agriculture and genetic changes in crops
there is evidence of ‘
cultivation’of wild cereals and there are remains
of stone sickles which were clearly used for cutting wild crops. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and23, 2009 Analysis
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- Fall '09
- Economics, JAMES A. ROBINSON