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New York: W.W. Norton & Co. p. 141. The Spread of the Printing Press after its’ invention in
Mainz Source: Cipolla, Carlo M. (1993) Before the Industrial Revolution, 3rd Edition,
New York: W.W. Norton & Co. p. 149. Sculpture in Berlin Celebrating Gutenberg as the
father of printing Religion beats
but poetry wins! Source: Baten, Joerg and Jan Luiten van Zanden (2007) “Book Production and
the Onset of Modern Economic Growth” paper available at http://www.iisg.nl/staff/jvz.php Comparing with Measures of Literacy Institutional Change in Britain The Stuart dynasty ascended the throne in 1603 after Elizabeth I had
died without children. James I (until 1625) and afterwards his son
Charles I considered themselves absolutist monarchs but parliament
contested their powers. Notable was the Statute of Monopolies in
1623 which attempted to control the ability of the king to create
personal rule’period of Charles after 1629 when he decided not to
call parliament anymore. At this time parliament did not sit regularly
and had to be brought together by the king. The convention was that
the king was required to do this to get assent for new taxes. Charles
did not so this and engaged in increasingly predatory behavior. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and30, 2009 Analysis: L
4 / 29 Policies Charles I induced forced loans, unilaterally changed the terms of loans
and refused to re-pay debt.
He created and sold monopolies and undermined the independence of
He levied many …nes and charges the most contentious of which was
ship money- in 1634, Charles taxed the coastal counties to pay for
the support of the Royal Navy and in 1635, he extended the levy to
the inland counties. He levied Ship Money each year until 1640. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and30, 2009 Analysis: L
5 / 29 The Con‡ict with Parliament
In 1640 Charles faced con‡ict in Scotland and without enough money
to out a proper army into the …eld he called Parliament to ask for
more taxes. The Short Parliament s...
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This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course ECON 2328 at Harvard.
- Fall '09