1993 before the industrial revolution 3rd edition new

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Unformatted text preview: Edition, New York: W.W. Norton & Co. p. 141. The Spread of the Printing Press after its’ invention in Mainz Source: Cipolla, Carlo M. (1993) Before the Industrial Revolution, 3rd Edition, New York: W.W. Norton & Co. p. 149. Sculpture in Berlin Celebrating Gutenberg as the father of printing Religion beats Marxism but poetry wins! Source: Baten, Joerg and Jan Luiten van Zanden (2007) “Book Production and the Onset of Modern Economic Growth” paper available at http://www.iisg.nl/staff/jvz.php Comparing with Measures of Literacy Institutional Change in Britain The Stuart dynasty ascended the throne in 1603 after Elizabeth I had died without children. James I (until 1625) and afterwards his son Charles I considered themselves absolutist monarchs but parliament contested their powers. Notable was the Statute of Monopolies in 1623 which attempted to control the ability of the king to create monopolies. ‘ personal rule’period of Charles after 1629 when he decided not to call parliament anymore. At this time parliament did not sit regularly and had to be brought together by the king. The convention was that the king was required to do this to get assent for new taxes. Charles did not so this and engaged in increasingly predatory behavior. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and30, 2009 Analysis: L September Historical 4 / 29 Policies Charles I induced forced loans, unilaterally changed the terms of loans and refused to re-pay debt. He created and sold monopolies and undermined the independence of the judiciary. He levied many …nes and charges the most contentious of which was ‘ ship money- in 1634, Charles taxed the coastal counties to pay for the support of the Royal Navy and in 1635, he extended the levy to the inland counties. He levied Ship Money each year until 1640. James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and30, 2009 Analysis: L September Historical 5 / 29 The Con‡ict with Parliament In 1640 Charles faced con‡ict in Scotland and without enough money to out a proper army into the …eld he called Parliament to ask for more taxes. The Short Parliament s...
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This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course ECON 2328 at Harvard.

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