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Unformatted text preview: zation.
In 1830 there was the “Swing Riots” led by Captain Swing.
But these movements had little impact on industrialization and the
luddites were killed or shipped o¤ to the penal colony in Australia. . .
Other …rst-order examples? Parisian silk button makers? James A. Robinson (Harvard) The Emergence of Modern Economic Growth: A Comparative and Historical Analysis: L
September 28, 2009
17 / 25 Political Losers
Gerschenkron “Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective”
(1962) focused on how relatively backward economies lacking the
economic prerequisites for industrialization could compensate. In later
work he recognized that the desire to promote industrialization varied
considerably across countries.
He argued that in the case of Austria-Hungary, the state not only
failed to promote industrialization, but rather
“economic progress began to be viewed with great suspicion and
the railroads came to be regarded, not as welcome carriers of
goods and persons, but as carriers of the dreaded revolution.
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- Fall '09