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competitor with Christianity. Manichaeism has essentially
• The basic cosmology/theology involved a struggle between light
and darkness, between a spiritual world and a physical one, a
continuation of the dualism of Zoroastrianism and other preChristian religions, going all the way back to ancient Egypt. The
world is a constant struggle between these oppositional forces. • Dualism: the division, the binary. A state of two
parts. Good and Evil. Light and Dark. Life
and Death. Dualisms dominate western
religions and philosophy.
• Many eastern religions, such as Hinduism,
Budhism, and Islamic Sufism stress the key to
enlightenment is to transcend this binary....
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