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Liebniz and Voltaire PDF - Leibniz Op mism Go#ried Wilhelm...

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Leibniz’&’Op+mism’ Go#ried Wilhelm Leibniz, born 1646, a German mathema7cian and philosopher. In philosophy, Leibniz is well known for his theory of Op7mism, e.g. , his conclusion that all things are for the best, and that our world is the best possible one that God could create. In 1±01 he published Theodicee , a book of philosophy, which introduced the term “theodicy” – an a²empt at a jus7Fca7on of God’s wisdom and benevolence in the face of clear evils (su³ering, etc.). The Op7mism that Theodicee espoused is the primary inspira7on for Voltaire’s work , Candide .
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Theodicee’jus+fes’the’evils’in’the’world’by’claiming’it’ is’the’op+mal’situa+on’among’all’possible’worlds.’ Because’God’is’omniscient,’omnipresent,’and’ benevolent,’he’would’not’create’such’a’world’iF’a’ beCer’one’was’possible.’Every’other’possible’world’ must’surely’be’flawed’in’a’similar’manner’or’worse,’ because’iF’one’oF’these’worlds’had’Fewer’flaws,’God’ would’have’chosen’it’to’create.’ Leibniz’claimed’that’since’reason’and’Faith’are’both’ crea+ons’oF’God,’they’cannot’contradict.’Also’because’ human’beings’are’a’crea+on’oF’God’they’cannot’be’ less’than’perFect.’
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Liebniz and Voltaire PDF - Leibniz Op mism Go#ried Wilhelm...

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