The Imperial Era 7 - The Imperial Era(1750 1914 Notes...

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The Imperial Era (1750 - 1914) Notes {part 7}Imperialism in ChinaChina in the 19th century:Independent - remains this way until 1911, when the Dynasty falls; will come under extreme European control, but NOT colonization. They set up "spheres of influence" in China-- dividing China into pieces and giving each nation a particular sphere and within that sphere, that nation can direct trade, monitor the population and create their own government; they ruled "in behalf of the Qing" or so they said. Chinese can't protect themselves from this takeover because their military is insanely lacking (all their innovations come too late to save their armies).Qing Dynasty - very traditional, not big fans of new technology; we're seeing population growth putting a strain on food production, government and societal infrastructure and generally having a negative effect; the dynasty falls in 1911; Least successful in emulating the West; it attempts, in limited ways, to copy the West but doesn't really do well; doesn't try too hard to industrialize; it focuses more on its military etc. because China is the best, so they don't see a complete transformation to Western culture as an option. They see is as a way to protect their culture.Imperial crisisWestern pressure - Westernization has very specific goals: to compete with the West and defend themselves from the West; very limited and in key areas.Limited tradeMilitary decline Internal Problems:They ruled through a very complex bureaucracy Entire education system is based on Confucianism (art of the argument; no real practical skills learned except reading and writing); when the administrators finish their degree, they had no idea what they were doing because they didn't have any skills! They didn't learn how to manage things or build things or compute things etc. It Bureaucrats become less adept to responding to peasant problems (NO educational reforms until after the dynasty falls). They don't understand the benefits that a mechanical education could have for their economy and society.FAIL ON EDUCATION SYSTEM. So they're having problems governing their territories, so this causes unrest among the lower class.Peasant unrest - due to the failure of their governmental officials; so they start ignoring the law and the local police forces and turn into bandits; sometimes these groups become widespread, can become common among the rural states; these bands can escalate into real rebellion, because they are arming themselves and riding horses etc. Government lack of action regarding these bandits makes rule-following people even MORE angry.

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