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Lip reading is extremely dicult accuracy is only

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Unformatted text preview: . SEE (Signed Exact English), MCE (Manually Coded English), Cued Speech, and Signed English. Forcing the Deaf to read lips and rely on what residual hearing have to learn to speak. Deaf children were punished for using ASL. Deaf educaDonal insDtuDons Deaf literacy •  Because deaf learners do not have access to English in its spoken form, their challenge is much greater, in some ways, than it is for hearing nonnaDve English speakers. •  Padden (1987) reports that deaf people's attudes toward ASL vary between "intense pride" and "a great deal of confusion and shame" (p. 44; quoted in Swisher, 1989). •  Because of the need to communicate with the non- signing public and to funcDon in an English- dominant society, most deaf adults believe that English literacy is important. SDll, many believe they are unable to master it. Why do Deaf people have trouble learning English? •  Learning to speak is very difficult if you can’t hear. •  If deaf children don’t learn ASL by the age of 4 or 5 it becomes much more difficult for them to learn English as a second language later in life. •  Lip reading is extremely difficult; accuracy is only about 30%. Bad Lip Reading Modes of communicaDon used by the Deaf •  Sign language (ASL, BSL, LSN, LSF, РЖЯ…) •  Gesture (foreign- to- foreign signers) or with hearing people who don’t know sign •  Fingerspelling (brand names, television Dtles, book Dtles, proper nouns, city/town names…) •  Mouthing (phoneDc or iconic) •  MCE (Man...
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