The rise and fall of asl 1869 30 residendal schools

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Unformatted text preview: who are in an ASL environment “babble” with their hands (at around 7- 10 months) •  Early lexical items are uninflected (A noun is singular when it should be plural; verbs are missing informaDon about object or subject) •  But what about people who are born Deaf to hearing parents? Origins of ASL •  1817: Laurent Clerc brought French Sign Language (FSL) to the United States. •  Gallaudet and Clerc established the American School for the Deaf in Harmord, CT. •  1834: a single signed dialect could be idenDfied throughout schools for the Deaf. The rise and fall of ASL •  1869: 30 residenDal schools existed for the Deaf •  1859: Darwin’s Origin of the Species was published, causing some to regard speech as a “more evolved” form of language than signing. Signing fell out of favor. •  Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, led a campaign against sign language in schools for the deaf •  He feared, correctly, that it would lead to more deafness due to deaf- deaf marriages •  By 1900, none of the schools for the Deaf were using ASL. The return to ASL •  1960s: recogniDon that deaf children’s academic achievement was severely hampered by a lack of access to sign language. •  William Stokoe’s legiDmaDon of ASL •  Rise of a kind of “Deaf pride” consciousness. Deaf educaDonal philosophies Manualism Oralism Belief in teaching students to sign, but oren based on the spoken vernacular. As a result, various sign systems came and went, taking a generaDon of deaf students each Dme. E.g...
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