18 - Language A)tudes LIN 200 Language in the USA Mark...

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Language’A)tudes’ LIN’200,’Language’in’the’USA’ Mark’Aronof’ November’21,’2013’
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A)tudes’&’DiscriminaCon’ l How’do’people’listen’to,’interpret,’and’think’ about’language?’ - Language’A)tudes’ - Language’Ideologies’ - LinguisCc’DiscriminaCon’
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Language’A)tudes’ l How’does’someone's’speech’influence’the’ way’people’feel’about’them’or’treat’them?’ l What’views’do’people’have’about’parCcular’ speech’varieCes?’ l How’can’we’get’at’people's’true’feelings’ about’language’varieCes?’
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Language’Ideologies’ l What’sets’of’beliefs’do’people’have’about’ language’and’how’it’relates’to’society?’ l How’are’beliefs’about’language’developed’ and’perpetuated?’
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A)tudes’vs.’Ideologies’ l People’use’these’words’in’diferent’ways.’ l In’this’class,’we’will’use’ language’a(tudes mainly’to’reFer’to’ways’that’individuals’Feel’ about’parCcular’language’varieCes’and’those’ who’use’them.’ l Language’ideologies ’are’systems’oF’ideas’that’ people’and’socieCes’share’about’how’ language’works’in’relaCon’to’society.’
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Some’features’of’a)tudes’vs.’ ideologies’ l A)tudes:’ - held’by’individuals’ - studied’in’social’psychology’ l Ideologies:’ - held’by’individuals’or’communiCes/socieCes’ - studied’in’anthropology’/’cultural’studies’ l In’sociolinguisCcs,’we’look’at’both.’
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Examples’ l A)tude:’people’who’have’Southern’accents’ sound’friendly.’ l Ideology:’Southern’English’is’slow’because’it's’ hot’in’the’South’and’people’are’lazier.’
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Let's’listen’to’a’clip’ l Try’to’come’up’with’3’adjecCves’to’describe’ this’person's’personality’or’background,’ based’on’how’their’speech’sounds.’
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The’same’clip’ l Does’this’person’sound’trustworthy?’ l Does’this’person’sound’friendly?’ l Where’do’you’think’they’are’from?’ l What’else’can’you’tell’about’them?’
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Let's’listen’to’more. ..’ l Have’you’changed’your’mind’about’anything?’ l What’job’do’you’think’this’person’has?’
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Who’was’that?’ l Congressman’Artur’Davis,’from’Alabama.’
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Discussion’ l Would’you’say’that’Davis’sounds’like’a’typical’ poliCcian?’ l What’do’you’think’would’have’been’diferent’ about’your’opinions’iF’you’couldn't’listen’at’all’ to’the’content’oF’what’he’said,’but’just’how’ he’said’it?’ l How’do’you’think’people’in’Alabama’Feel’ about’how’Davis’talks?’
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Why’are’a)tudes’important?’ l From’a’pracCcal’perspecCve,’our’language’ a)tudes’are’important’because’they’afect’ our’behavior.’
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18 - Language A)tudes LIN 200 Language in the USA Mark...

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