Jakala_ParkSlides_Part_A

An inverse correlation between cigarette smoking and

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Unformatted text preview: An inverse correlation between cigarette smoking and caffeine intake in case-control studies. © TND 2005 TND Clinical features of PD Clinical Three cardinal Three symptoms: symptoms: →resting tremor → bradykinesia (generalized slowness of movements) → muscle rigidity © TND 2005 TND Clinical features of PD Clinical Resting tremor: Most common first symptom, usually asymmetric and most evident in one hand with the arm at rest. Bradykinesia: Difficulty with daily activities such as writing, shaving, using a knife and fork, and opening buttons; decreased blinking, masked facies, slowed chewing and swallowing. Rigidity: Muscle tone increased in both flexor and extensor muscles providing a constant resistance to passive movements of the joints; stooped posture, anteroflexed head, and flexed knees and elbows....
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