Frank had heard that in certain cultures people

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Unformatted text preview: oth enjoy making love, but they decide not to do it again. They keep that night as a special secret, which makes them feel even closer to each other. Was it wrong for Mark and Julie to have sex? A.Yes B. No Slide 78/92 Emotions and moral judgment Frank’s dog was killed by a car in front of his house. Frank had heard that in certain cultures, people occasionally eat dog meat, and he was curious what it tasted like. So he cut up the body and cooked it and ate it for dinner. Is it okay for Frank to eat his dead dog for dinner? A.Yes B. No Slide 79/92 Emotions and moral judgment What is morality? Morality is really about regulating behavior (your own and others’ behavior) to fit into society A cooperative society requires a lot of very difficult, complex behavioral coordination on the part of many, many people Moral intuitionist perspective (Haidt, 2001) People have automatic emotional reactions to moral situations, and these emotional reactions guide moral reasoning First, people experience automatic emotional reactions Second, people can use deliberative processes (cost/benefit assessment, causal attributions, norms) Slide 80/92 Emotions and moral judgment Some emotions are particularly likely to function as “moral emotions” When someone unfairly violates rights/freedoms of others Anger When someone engages in an impure action Disgust When someone engages in a norm/rule violation Shame, embarrassment, guilt When you see someone who is suffering or in need Sympathy, concern, compassion When you approve of another person’s behavior Gratitude, awe Slide 81/92 Emotions and moral judgment Haidt TED Talk “The moral roots of liberals and conservatives” Slide 82/92 Emotions and social cognition: TYK Which of the following is a key assumption of the affectas-information theory? A. Many judgments are too complex for us to review all the relevant evidence thoroughly. B. Emotions disrupt our ability to process information from the environment. C. Emotions are most likely to alter judgment when people accurately attribute them to environmental events. D. Judgments lead to emotions that inform subsequent decisions. Slide 83/92 Emotions and social cognition: Summary People use affect as information when making decisions Especially for complex decisions! Positive affect increases reliance on schema Leads to increased stereotyping Leads to creativity via “inclusive categorization” Emotions and moral judgment Moral intuitionist perspective: People have automatic emotional reactions to moral situations, and these emotional reactions guide moral reasoning Slide 84/92 Happiness Slide 85/92 Determinants of pleasure Peak-end effect – the pleasure associated with an experience is determined by the pleasure experienced at the peak and end 1. Peak – the height of an emotional experience 2. End – the last moments of an emotional experience 3. Duration neglect – the duration of an emotional experience has little influence on how overall pleasurable it’s judged to be It doesn’t matter if you get the 30 or 60 minute massage, you’ll like it just as much Slide 86/92 Knowing what makes us happy Affective forecasting – predicting future emotional states People are really bad at this!!! Immune neglect – the tendency to underestimate your capacity to be resilient in responding to setbacks This leads people to overestimate the impact of negative life events People think they will continue to be unhappy for a long time This isn’t true – people bounce back quickly Slide 87/92 Knowing what makes us happy Immune neglect Slide 88/92 Happiness Put emotions into words Writing about negative emotional events provides insight and reduces distress Enhances efforts to deal with difficulties Identify what your emotions are due to Writing about positive goals may improve performance Kahneman TED talk e_of_experience_vs_memory.html Slide 89/92 Happiness: Summary Peak-end effect Pleasure from an experience is determined by the pleasure at the maximum and the end People ignore the duration Affective forecasting People overestimate the emotional impact of life events and assume the resulting emotions will last longer than they do Slide 90/92 Chapter 6 Summary Emotion vs. rationality Emos are often more “adaptive” than rationality Characterizing emotion Emos are short, specific, and functional Two-factor theory – construal matters! Misattribution of arousal Universality and cultural specificity of emotions Emotion is a universal human phenomenon However, only certain emotions are experienced and expressed in a reliable manner across cultures A lot of variability exists in how emotions are expressed Slide 91/92 Chapter 6 Summary Emotions and social relationships Mimicry Power Emotions and social cognition Affect-as-information Moral intuitionist perspective Happiness (Positive Psychology) Slide 92/92...
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This document was uploaded on 03/09/2014 for the course PSYC 201 at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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