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Unformatted text preview: oth enjoy making love, but they decide not
to do it again. They keep that night as a special secret,
which makes them feel even closer to each other.
Was it wrong for Mark and Julie to have sex?
A.Yes B. No
Slide 78/92 Emotions and moral judgment
Frank’s dog was killed by a car in front of his house. Frank
had heard that in certain cultures, people occasionally eat
dog meat, and he was curious what it tasted like. So he
cut up the body and cooked it and ate it for dinner.
Is it okay for Frank to eat his dead dog for dinner?
A.Yes B. No Slide 79/92 Emotions and moral judgment
What is morality?
Morality is really about regulating behavior (your own and
others’ behavior) to fit into society
A cooperative society requires a lot of very difficult, complex
behavioral coordination on the part of many, many people Moral intuitionist perspective (Haidt, 2001)
People have automatic emotional reactions to moral situations,
and these emotional reactions guide moral reasoning
First, people experience automatic emotional reactions
Second, people can use deliberative processes (cost/benefit
assessment, causal attributions, norms) Slide 80/92 Emotions and moral judgment
Some emotions are particularly likely to function as
When someone unfairly violates rights/freedoms of others
Anger When someone engages in an impure action
Disgust When someone engages in a norm/rule violation
Shame, embarrassment, guilt When you see someone who is suffering or in need
Sympathy, concern, compassion When you approve of another person’s behavior
Gratitude, awe Slide 81/92 Emotions and moral judgment
Haidt TED Talk
“The moral roots of liberals and conservatives” Slide 82/92 Emotions and social cognition: TYK
Which of the following is a key assumption of the affectas-information theory?
A. Many judgments are too complex for us to review all the
relevant evidence thoroughly.
B. Emotions disrupt our ability to process information from the
C. Emotions are most likely to alter judgment when people
accurately attribute them to environmental events.
D. Judgments lead to emotions that inform subsequent
decisions. Slide 83/92 Emotions and social cognition: Summary
People use affect as information when making decisions
Especially for complex decisions! Positive affect increases reliance on schema
Leads to increased stereotyping
Leads to creativity via “inclusive categorization” Emotions and moral judgment
Moral intuitionist perspective: People have automatic emotional
reactions to moral situations, and these emotional reactions
guide moral reasoning Slide 84/92 Happiness Slide 85/92 Determinants of pleasure
Peak-end effect – the pleasure associated with an
experience is determined by the pleasure experienced at
the peak and end
1. Peak – the height of an emotional experience
2. End – the last moments of an emotional experience
3. Duration neglect – the duration of an emotional experience
has little influence on how overall pleasurable it’s judged to be It doesn’t matter if you get the 30 or 60 minute massage,
you’ll like it just as much Slide 86/92 Knowing what makes us happy
Affective forecasting – predicting future emotional states
People are really bad at this!!! Immune neglect – the tendency to underestimate your
capacity to be resilient in responding to setbacks
This leads people to overestimate the impact of negative life
People think they will continue to be unhappy for a long time
This isn’t true – people bounce back quickly Slide 87/92 Knowing what makes us happy
Immune neglect Slide 88/92 Happiness
Put emotions into words
http://homepage.psy.utexas.edu/homepage/Faculty/Pennebaker/Home2000/WritingandHealth.html Writing about negative emotional events provides insight and
Enhances efforts to deal with difficulties
Identify what your emotions are due to Writing about positive goals may improve performance Kahneman TED talk
e_of_experience_vs_memory.html Slide 89/92 Happiness: Summary
Pleasure from an experience is determined by the pleasure at
the maximum and the end
People ignore the duration Affective forecasting
People overestimate the emotional impact of life events and
assume the resulting emotions will last longer than they do Slide 90/92 Chapter 6 Summary
Emotion vs. rationality
Emos are often more “adaptive” than rationality Characterizing emotion
Emos are short, specific, and functional
Two-factor theory – construal matters!
Misattribution of arousal Universality and cultural specificity of emotions
Emotion is a universal human phenomenon
However, only certain emotions are experienced and
expressed in a reliable manner across cultures
A lot of variability exists in how emotions are expressed Slide 91/92 Chapter 6 Summary
Emotions and social relationships
Power Emotions and social cognition
Moral intuitionist perspective Happiness (Positive Psychology) Slide 92/92...
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This document was uploaded on 03/09/2014 for the course PSYC 201 at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.
- Spring '08