Slide 6392 emotions within and between groups power

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Unformatted text preview: r Chatroulette and things are not sweet any longer. And none of this tells me anything about the existence of the internet, servers, code, and so on. I know what Web browsers can do, but not how they work.” Slide 63/92 Emotions within and between groups Power is loosely defined as the ability to influence others High power people are in charge of others and control important resources that others want People in high power are more likely to display anger People displaying anger are rated as high power Politicians are rated as most powerful when they express anger Reason: Low power people can’t safely express anger Slide 64/92 Emotions within and between groups Embarrassment signals submissiveness Embarrassment is displayed after you do something you regret because you want others to continue to accept you Low-power individuals are more likely to display embarrassment than are high-power individuals Slide 65/92 Emotions within and between groups Infrahumanization – the tendency to not attribute complex/secondary emotions to outgroup members Examples of basic emotions: anger, disgust Examples of complex emotions: pride, sympathy Recall that primary emotions are universal, but that secondary emotions may be culturally specific Thus, it may be that outgroups aren’t experiencing the exact same emotion you are However, they may be experiencing emotions that you don’t Further, infrahumanization occurs between groups within the same culture, which indicates that this is a form of prejudice Slide 66/92 Emotions and social relations: TYK Jan has just met her new roommate and wants to be sure to become good friends with her. According to research on emotional mimicry, how should Jan respond to her roommate? Jan should… A. mimic the facial expressions and laugh of her roommate, because mimicry promotes closeness and friendship. B. not mimic the facial expressions and laugh of her roommate, because her roommate may find it annoying. C. act the opposite of her roommate, so as to seem interesting. D. mimic her roommate only if her roommate has a higher status than Jan. Slide 67/92 Emotions and social relations: Summary Touch is an important tool for communicating and regulating emotions in relationships Behavioral mimicry occurs automatically People automatically mimic the behaviors and emotions of the people they’re around People like others more if they mimic them Oxytocin promotes trust (sometimes…) Emotions within and between groups High power people can freely express things that others can’t Low power people tend to express submissive emotions more Slide 68/92 Emotions and social cognition Slide 69/92 Affect-as-information Affect-as-information (feelings-as-information) Many judgments are too complex to consider all the info Emotions are often used for quick, intuitive reactions Example: “Is your best friend a good person?” “I feel pretty good about her, so yes.” People use affect as information when the judgment/decision is complex Your emotional reaction to a target is valid in the sense that it represents the sum of your past experiences with that target Slide 70/92 Affect-as-information Schwarz & Clore (1983) – affect-as-info study Researchers randomly called Champaign IL residents on (1) a sunny day or (2) a gloomy/cloudy day and asked them “All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life these days” Participants were more satisfied with life on sunny days than on rainy days They used...
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