To the woman i must have been nervous because she was

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Unformatted text preview: enter gave her number More men called in the dangerous condition than in the safe condition They misattributed their increased heart rate, etc. to the woman (“I must have been nervous because she was so hot”) Slide 21/92 Misattribution of arousal You can use this to your advantage! If you are feeling unwanted physiological arousal, go do some brief activity that would make that arousal seem reasonable 1. This will give you a plausible source to which you can attribute your arousal You will then feel less arousal about the initial stimulus 2. As your body calms down from that activity, you will start to feel more relaxed If you continue to think about the initial arousal-provoking stimulus, you will misattribute the “calm down” experience to that stimulus Result: your unwanted arousal will go away! Slide 22/92 Misattribution of arousal Slide 23/92 Misattribution of arousal Slide 24/92 Misattribution of arousal Slide 25/92 Characterizing emotion: Summary Emotions are short-term (minutes), specific (in response to something), and functional (motivational) experiences Different emotions are not associated with particularly distinct physiological patterns People can construe the same arousal as happiness vs. anger The two-factor theory of emotion Your experience of emotion depends on how you interpret bodily arousal If you misattribute this arousal, you can react “in the wrong way” Slide 26/92 Universality and cultural specificity of emotion Slide 27/92 Emotions and evolution Emotions are an innate and universal [human] experience Principle of serviceable habits Emotions are biological adaptations that helped solve recurring problems faced by [human] ancestors Example: It’s beneficial to become angry and fight someone who tries to take away your food. If you don’t, you’ll starve. Slide 28/92 Emotions and evolution Specific action tendencies (Frijda, 1986) The idea that each emotion is associated with a particular behavioral repertoire Fear results in flight or freezing Ground squirrel example Anger results in verbal or physical attacks Sadness results in withdrawal from active behavior This is accurate for basic negative emotions Negative emotions narrow attention to deal with a stimulus in a particular way Slide 29/92 Emotions and evolution Broaden-and-build theory of positive emotion (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001) Positive emotion orients people toward exploratory and resource-building behavior Exploratory behavior allows people to discover new things Resource-building includes increasing social bonds These activities leave you in a better position to deal with future threats or obstacles Slide 30/92 Emotions and evolution SAT and BaB provide an interesting account for the negativity bias and positivity offset found in humans When a negative stimulus shows up, your attention narrows in on it and you automatically prepare a response When a threat appears, you throw all your resources at it When there are no pressing concerns, people tend to experience mild positive affec...
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