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outline and organization 3

outline and organization 3 - Preparing a Standard Outline...

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Preparing a Standard Outline Form A standard outline form lets you see at a glance the exact relationship among various main ideas, subpoints, and supporting materials in your speech. To produce a correct outline, follow the instructions given below. 1) Main points are indicated by Roman numerals and are written closest to the left margin. 2) Subpoints are indicated by capital letters and are indented and written below the main point. 3) Sub-subpoints (used to clarify or support subpoints) are indicated by numbers and are indented and written below the subpoint. 4) Any sub-subpoints of the sub-subpoints are indicated by lower-case letters and are indented and written below the sub-subpoint. Example: I. First main point A. First subpoint of I B. Second subpoint of I 1. First sub-subpoint of B 2. Second sub-subpoint of B a. First subpoint of sub-subpoint 2 b. Second subpoint of sub-subpoint 2 II. Second main point Additional Principles for Creating the Outline 1) The number of main points should be kept between 2-4 main points. 2) Keep the number of subpoints to a minimum. Too many subpoints will lose your audience and undermine your main point. 3) Each main point should be equivalent in importance and each subpoint sould be of the same relative importance. 4) Each subpoint should be logically and easily connected to its main point. 5) Only use a subpoints or sub-supbpoints if there are more than one. Subpoints (and sub- subpoints) are not needed if there is only one because that one subpoint usually duplicates the main point. Logic dictates that you cannot divide anything into one part. If you have only one piece of supporting material, incorporate it into the subpoint or main point.
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Types and Styles of Outlining 2 Types of Outlines 1) Working Outline –used to plan the speech -contains much more information than the speaking outline 2) Speaking Outline -used for delivering extemporaneous speeches -usually placed on notecards 3 Styles of Outlines 1) Full-Sentence Outline -main points and subpoints are stated as full declarative sentences –main points and subpoints should be no more than one sentence in length -drawback: when used as a speaking outline, the speech tends to sound memorized and stilted, as if being read (manuscript style) -should be used only as a working outline 2) Phrase Outline -uses partial sentences for main points and subpoints -can be used as a speaking outline 3) Key-Word Outline -the briefest of the three styles -uses only basic words to form the outline -can be used as a speaking outline if very familiar with the information in the speech ***Any of the three styles may be used for constructing the body of the outline that you will turn in to me. Just be consistent . However, regardless of your chosen style, your introduction and conclusion should be written out in full sentences .
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