Objective categories etic classification economics

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Unformatted text preview: Gebusi • Sahlins “Original Affluent Society” • Leisure, but question of health The Gebusi • Relationship with the land vs. objective categories, etic classification Economics Economics • Every society has an economic system (norms governing Every economic production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services) • Need not involve cash • All people live with limited means to meet their individual All desires desires • Economic motivation includes many choices: Material Economic well-being (monetary profit), Family connections, Leisure time, Prestige (social status or respect), CULTURE time, Economics Economics and and Culture Culture • Cultural context determines what is produced and Cultural how how • Culture establishes how goods and services are Culture distributed. distributed. • Culture perpetuates meanings of consumption Economics Economics and and Culture Culture • Societies must have a system through which rights to Societies use resources are allocated use • People must be organized in specific ways to use People resources for production resources • Each society has a system of distribution with distinct Each styles and patterns of consumption styles How Do Anthropologists Study Economic Systems? Economic • Anthropologists study how goods are produced, Anthropologists distributed, and consumed in the context of the total culture of particular societies. culture • Anthropologists analyze broad institutional and Anthropologists cultural contexts cultural • Anthropologists seek to understand factors that Anthropologists motivate individual decision-making in each society motivate • Most anthropologists recognize that theories derived Most f...
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