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system with nonagricultural populations.
• a mixed subsistence strategy - several crops
• May involve hunting, fishing, or raising domesticated
animals Swidden Cultivation
(slash and burn)
(slash • Common in horticultural societies
• A form of cultivation in which a field is cleared by felling the
trees and burning the brush
• Production of plants using plows, animals and soil
and water control.
• Associated with:
– Sedentary villages, the rise of cities
Social stratification • Peasants: Food-producing populations that are
incorporated politically, economically, and culturally
into nation-states (early modern Europe,
contemporary Transitions to Industrial
of the production (of food and
other Transitions to Industrial
Had an effect on many aspects of
• Population growth
Expanded consumption of resources
Shift from subsistence strategies to
wage The Gebusi
• Complicate subsistence strategy
• Sedentary but semi-nomadic
• Horticulture but also foraging and
• Semi-domesticated pigs The...
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course ANTH 1003 taught by Professor Demovic during the Spring '07 term at LSU.
- Spring '07