Unformatted text preview: e room for European farming
and enslaved native Africans to work for them. By
1800, there were roughly equal numbers of
“Afrikaaners” and slaves in the Cape Colony.
Cape Colony was seized by the British navy in
1795 as part of its world-wide war with France (allied Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 5: Africa, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 3 with Holland). It was officially transferred from
Holland to England in 1815. 1815-1914
In 1815, there was only one real European colony
in Africa—Britain’s Cape Colony at the southern tip.
In addition, Great Britain owned outposts and
controlled trade on the Gold Coast, and Portugal
controlled the coastal regions of what is now Angola
(in the west) and Mozambique (in the east).
On the Mediterranean coast Morocco was
completely independent, and Algeria, Tunisia, Libya,
and Egypt, were technically provinces of the Ottoman
Empire but were in fact independent. The rest of
Africa was self-governing. In the interior, Africans
knew little about the outside world.
Until 1808, the economy of West Africa was
dominated by the slave trade, but i...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.
- Spring '14
- Great Zimbabwe