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Unformatted text preview: tch East India Company established Cape
Colony. Dutch citizens were encouraged to create
plantations for farming and cattle-raising, and they
began to bring slaves from other parts of Africa to
work on the plantations.
In the 1700s, the white population of the Cape
Colony grew rapidly. The moderate climate attracted
European immigrants, and their birthrate was high. At
the same time, the native population was decimated
by European diseases such as smallpox, influenza, and
By 1800 there was a large European community
that identified itself as Dutch—not because only
Dutch settlers emigrated, but because the Dutch East
India Company, which controlled Cape Colony,
insisted that all settlers speak Dutch and practice the
Calvinist version of the Protestant religion. Members
of this European community began to call themselves
“Afrikaaners” or “Africans” (just as British residents
of North America called themselves “Americans.”
The white “Africans” both pushed native Africans
off their land, to mak...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.
- Spring '14
- Great Zimbabwe