EI 05 Africa 1453-1914

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Unformatted text preview: tch East India Company established Cape Colony. Dutch citizens were encouraged to create plantations for farming and cattle-raising, and they began to bring slaves from other parts of Africa to work on the plantations. In the 1700s, the white population of the Cape Colony grew rapidly. The moderate climate attracted European immigrants, and their birthrate was high. At the same time, the native population was decimated by European diseases such as smallpox, influenza, and measles. By 1800 there was a large European community that identified itself as Dutch—not because only Dutch settlers emigrated, but because the Dutch East India Company, which controlled Cape Colony, insisted that all settlers speak Dutch and practice the Calvinist version of the Protestant religion. Members of this European community began to call themselves “Afrikaaners” or “Africans” (just as British residents of North America called themselves “Americans.” The white “Africans” both pushed native Africans off their land, to mak...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.

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