Unformatted text preview: ed a series of slave-raiding expeditions.
However, the native kingdoms soon drove them out,
and Portugal—soon joined by Dutch
merchants—settled for buying slaves at fortified
trading posts on the coast, as they did on the Gold
Europeans traded guns for slaves, which provide
weapons for African kings to create armies to make
slave-raiding missions against their neighbors. As a
result, African kingdoms, based on the slave trade,
arose in Central Africa as well as the Gold Coast.
Elites in the African slave-raiding states prospered
from slavery, and the population of Africa continued
to grow—partly because of better nutrition due to the
importation of corn and other New World foods, and
partly because of the practice of polygamy. However,
slavery was not good for the African economy in the
long run because Africa did not develop its economic
potential, and slaves remained its principal export.
And, needless to say, slavery was a disaster for
individual Africans who were enslaved. Th...
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- Spring '14
- Great Zimbabwe, modern world history, D. G. Rowley