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Unformatted text preview: stance to Britain came from regional
Muslim emirs, and, as they were defeated, Muslims
In 1900, Britain took direct control over the region
and sent Frederick Lugard to unify and administer the
region. Lugard captured Sokoto, the capital of the old
Muslim Sokoto Caliphate in 1903, and in 1914
Southern and Northern Nigeria were joined into a
single colony, Nigeria. Traditional chiefs were left in
power at the local level to administer the population
according to custom. In the north there was no choice
but to use traditional Islamic leaders, but in the south,
where there was great ethnic diversity, the British
chose the leaders of the weaker peoples to run local
administration. In many cases they were not accepted
by the local population, but they were kept in power
by the threat of British military force.
In the cities, the British introduced Western
education, the English language became the language
of administration and business, and Christian
missionaries expanded their activities–but their
success was m...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.
- Spring '14
- Great Zimbabwe